Atractus francoi PASSOS, FERNANDES, BÉRNILS & MOURA-LEITE, 2010
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|Higher Taxa||Colubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||Portuguese: Cobra-da-Terra|
|Synonym||Atractus francoi PASSOS, FERNANDES, BÉRNILS & MOURA-LEITE 2010|
Atractus sp. – MARQUES et al. 2004
Atractus francoi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 73
Atractus francoi — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019
|Distribution||Brazil (Rio de Janeiro: Highlands of the Serra da Bocaina and Serra dos Órgãos)|
Type locality: Fazenda Recanto, Serra do Piloto (22°50’S, 44°03’W, ca. 600 m), municipality of Mangaratiba, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
|Reproduction||oviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022)|
|Types||Holotype: MNRJ 17537, adult male, (formerly DZUFRJ 1742), collected 17 July 2006 by M. C. Carlo.|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis: Atractus francoi is distinguished from all known congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) 17/17/17 smooth dorsal scale rows; (2) two postoculars; (3) moderate loreal; (4) temporals 1+2; (5) usually seven supralabials (six in one side), third and fourth contacting orbit; (6) seven infralabials, first four contacting chinshields; (7) eight or nine maxillary teeth; (8) two to four gular scale rows; (9) three or four preventrals; (10) 156–164 ventrals in females and 162–164 in males; (11) 14–19 subcaudals in females and 25–30 in males; (12) dorsum uniformly black in adults and brown with scattered small black dots in juveniles; (13) venter beige anteriorly, becoming gradually black after 15th ventral in juveniles and adults; (14) moderate body size, females reaching 473 mm SVL and males 420 mm SVL; (15) tail short in females (6.3– 8.6% SVL) and moderate (12.6–13.6% SVL) in males; (16) moderately bilobed, semicapitate, and semicalyculate hemipenis.|
|Etymology||This species is dedicated to a friend of the authors, Dr. Francisco Luís Franco, Curator of Herpetology at Instituto Butantan in Brazil, for his contribution to the systematics of South American snakes, and also for calling their attention to this undescribed species.|
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