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Atretium schistosum (DAUDIN, 1803)

IUCN Red List - Atretium schistosum - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaNatricidae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Split Keelback, Olive keelback wart snake
G: Kielrücken-Wassernatter 
SynonymColuber schistosus DAUDIN 1803: 132
Tropidonotus moestus CANTOR 1839: 54 (fide SMITH 1943)
Tropidonotus surgens CANTOR 1839 (fide SMITH 1943)
Tropidonotus schistosus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 596
Atretium schistosum — GÜNTHER 1864
Helicops schistosus — BOULENGER 1890
Helicops schistosus — BOULENGER 1893: 274
Atretium schistosum — GÜNTHER 1898: 31
Helicops schistosus — WALL 1921: 135
Atretium schistosum — SMITH 1943: 319
Atretium schistosum — DAS 1996: 54
Atretium schistosum — MATTISON 2007: 231 
DistributionSri Lanka, India (Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Nepal

Type locality: none given Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesLectotype: Russell 1801, plate 4. 
CommentType species: Coluber schistosus DAUDIN 1803 is the type species of the genus Atretium COPE 1861: 299

Distribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): from Greek “helicos” = rolling, “ops” = rolling. 
References
  • Botejue, W. Madhava S.; Jayantha Wattavidanage 2012. Herpetofaunal diversity and distribution in Kalugala proposed forest reserve, Western province of Sri Lanka. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 5 (2): 65-80(e38). - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Cantor, T. E. 1839. Spicilegium serpentium indicorum [part 1]. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1839: 31-34 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Contributions to the ophiology of Lower California, Mexico and Central America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 292-306 - get paper here
  • Daudin 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles. vol. 7. Paris: Dufart [1802], 436 pp.
  • Günther, A. 1898. Notes on Indian snakes in captivity. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 1: 30 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan; D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (02): 69-76
  • Kramer, E. 1977. Zur Schlangenfauna Nepals. Rev. suisse Zool., 84 (3): 721-761. - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karslruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karslruhe, 124 pp.
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • Miralles, Aurelien; Ineich, Ivan 2006. Presence of gular and parietal pits in Atretium schistosum (Serpentes, Colubridae), a singular trait not exclusive to psammophine snakes. Comptes Rendus Biologies 329(3):180-184.
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Russell 1801. A continuation of an account of Indian serpents: containing descriptions and figures from specimens and drawings, transmitted from various parts of India to the hon. Court of Directors of the East Indian Company. Volume 2. London, W. Bulmer and Co., 53 pp. [1801-1810]
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Tsetan, Chime & R. Ramanibai 2011. Reptilian fauna of agricultural landscapes of Chembarambakkam Lake, Chennai, Tamil Nadu Reptile Rap (13): 2-8 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1905. Notes on some Bangalore Snakes. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 16: 389-394 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1907. Notes on Snakes collected in Fyzabad. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 101-129 - get paper here
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages
 
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