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Atropoides nummifer (RÜPPELL, 1845)

IUCN Red List - Atropoides nummifer - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesJumping Pit Viper 
SynonymAtropos nummifer RÜPPELL 1845: 313
Bothrops nummifer — JAN 1863: 126
Lachesis nummifer — BOULENGER 1896
Trimeresurus nummifer — MOCQUARD 1909: 941
Bothrops nummifer — TAYLOR 1949: 213
Atropoides nummifer — LINER 1994
Porthidium nummifer nummifer — WELCH 1994: 101
Atropoides nummifer — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 240
Atropoides nummifer — SMITH & FERRARI-CASTRO 2008
Adelynhoserserpenae nummifer — HOSER 2012 (preliminary) 
DistributionMexico (San Luis Potosi south to Oaxaca, Chiapas, Puebla)

Type locality: Mexico; restricted to Teapa, Tabasco, Mexico by BURGER 1950:65. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: SMF 9544, 1a. 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. Previously A. mexicanus and A. occiduus have been considered as subspecies of A. nummifer. Specimens from Guatemala that were previously described as A. nummifer have been molecularly grouped with A. olmec based on Castoe et al. 2003

Habitat: terrestrial

Distribution: not in Costa Rica (as stated in KÖHLER 2003). The populations from Panama, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, S Belize, Nicaragua, Costa Rica are now included in A. mexicanus.

Diagnosis: “Diese Giftschlange hat den Kopf einer Vipera, die Vertiefung zwischen Auge und Nasenlöcher wie Trigonocephalus, die ganzen Schuppen unter dem Schwanz wie Echis, dabei die vorderen Zähne des Unterkiefers besonders lang. Vielleicht ist es nur eine junge Crotalus mit unentwickelter Klapper” [original diagnosis of Rüppell 1845: 313]. 
References
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  • Bolaños, R. 1984. Serpientes, Venenos y Ofidismo en Costa Rica. Ed. Univ. Costa Rica, 136 pp.
  • Burger, W. Leslie 1950. A preliminary study of the subspecies of the jumping viper, Bothrops nummifer. Bulletin of the Chicago Academy of Sciences 9 (3): 59-67
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  • Castoe, Todd A., Paul T. Chippindale, Jonathan A. Campbell, Loren K. Ammerman and Christopher L. Pa 2003. Molecular systematics of the Middle American jumping vipers (genus Atropoides) and phylogeography of the Atropoides nummifer complex. Herpetologica 59 (3): 420-431 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., BIBRON, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
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  • Smith, E.N. & Ferrari-Castro, J.A. 2008. A new species of jumping pitviper of the genus Atropoides (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae) from the Sierra de Botaderos and the Sierra La Muralla, Honduras. Zootaxa 1948: 57–68 - get paper here
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