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IUCN Red List - Atropoides olmec - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesOlmecan Pit Viper 
SynonymPorthidium olmec PEREZ-HIGAREDA, SMITH, JULIA-ZERTUCHE 1985
Atropoides olmec - WERMAN 1992
Atropoides olmec — LINER 1994
Bothrops olmec
Porthidium olmec — WELCH 1994: 101
Atropoides olmec — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 241
Atropoides olmec — JADIN et al. 2009
Atropoides olmec — WALLACH et al. 2014: 85 
DistributionMexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, S Veracruz: Sierra de los Tuxtlas), Guatemala

Type locality: crest of Cerro Egega, 1100 m elevation, municipality of Catemaco.  
TypesHolotype: UNAM-LT 1300. 

A. olmec appears to be paraphyletic with respect to A. nummifer (CASTOE et al. 2003). The situation could be resolved by relegating olmect to subspecis status of A. nummifer or by raising some of the subspecies of nummifer to species status. However, CASTOE et al. 2003 refrained from suggesting any taxonomic rearrangements until additional data becomes available.

Habitat: terrestrial

Diagnosis. A member of the nummifer superspecles of Porthidium, dlfferlng from all other members In a lower number of ventrals (103-115 vs. 120-155); and from all except P. picadoi by a hlgher number of anterIor scale rows (27-28 vs. 21-25) [PEREZ-HIGAREDA et al. 1985]. 
Etymologynamed after the ancient Olmec tribe of southern Veracruz. 
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Guerra Centeno, Dennis; Héctor Fuentes Rousselin & David Morán Villatoro 2012. Serpientes de Guatemala: Guía para didentificación de especies. Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, 186 pp.
  • Jadin, Robert C.; Ronald L. Gutberlet Jr and Eric N. Smith 2010. Phylogeny, evolutionary morphology, and hemipenis descriptions of the Middle American jumping pitvipers (Serpentes: Crotalinae: Atropoides). J Zool Syst Evol Res 48(4): 360–365; doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2009.00559.x
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Perez-Higareda G; Smith H M; Julia-Zertuche J 1985. A new jumping viper, Porthidium olmec, from southern Veracruz, Mexico (Serpentes: Viperidae). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 21 (3): 97-106
  • Werman,S.D. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships of Central and South American pitvipers of the genus Bothrops (sensu lato): cladistic analyses of biochemical and anatomical characters. In: J.A. Campbell and E.D. Brodie (eds.): Biology of the Pitvipers. Selva, Tyler, Texas, pp. 21-40
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