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Atropoides olmec (PEREZ-HIGAREDA, SMITH, JULIA-ZERTUCHE, 1985)

IUCN Red List - Atropoides olmec - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesOlmecan Pit Viper 
SynonymPorthidium olmec PEREZ-HIGAREDA, SMITH, JULIA-ZERTUCHE 1985
Atropoides olmec - WERMAN 1992
Atropoides olmec — LINER 1994
Bothrops olmec
Porthidium olmec — WELCH 1994: 101
Atropoides olmec — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 241
Atropoides olmec — JADIN et al. 2009 
DistributionMexico (S Veracruz: Sierra de los Tuxtlas)

Type locality: crest of Cerro Egega, 1100 m elevation, municipality of Catemaco. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: UNAM-LT 1300. 
CommentVenomous! A. olmec appears to be paraphyletic with respect to A. nummifer (CASTOE et al. 2003). The situation could be resolved by relegating olmect to subspecis status of A. nummifer or by raising some of the subspecies of nummifer to species status. However, CASTOE et al. 2003 refrained from suggesting any taxonomic rearrangements until additional data becomes available.

Habitat: terrestrial

Diagnosis. A member of the nummifer superspecles of Porthidium, dlfferlng from all other members In a lower number of ventrals (103-115 vs. 120-155); and from all except P. picadoi by a hlgher number of anterIor scale rows (27-28 vs. 21-25) [PEREZ-HIGAREDA et al. 1985]. 
EtymologyEtymology: named after the ancient Olmec tribe of southern Veracruz. 
References
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Jadin, Robert C.; Ronald L. Gutberlet Jr and Eric N. Smith 2010. Phylogeny, evolutionary morphology, and hemipenis descriptions of the Middle American jumping pitvipers (Serpentes: Crotalinae: Atropoides). J Zool Syst Evol Res 48(4): 360–365; doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2009.00559.x
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Perez-Higareda G; Smith H M; Julia-Zertuche J 1985. A new jumping viper, Porthidium olmec, from southern Veracruz, Mexico (Serpentes: Viperidae). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 21 (3): 97-106
  • Werman,S.D. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships of Central and South American pitvipers of the genus Bothrops (sensu lato): cladistic analyses of biochemical and anatomical characters. In: J.A. Campbell and E.D. Brodie (eds.): Biology of the Pitvipers. Selva, Tyler, Texas, pp. 21-40
 
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