Atropoides picadoi (DUNN, 1939)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Atropoides picadoi?
|Higher Taxa||Viperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Picado's Pit Viper|
G: Picados Springlanzenotter
|Synonym||Trimeresurus nummifer picadoi DUNN 1939: 165|
Bothrops picadoi — SMITH & TAYLOR 1945: 183
Bothrops picadoi — TAYLOR 1951: 180
Bothrops picadoi — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 53
Bothrops picadoi — VILLA et al. 1988
Atropoides picadoi — WERMAN 1992
Porthidium picadoi — WELCH 1994: 101
Atropoides picadoi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 242
Atropoides picadoi — JADIN et al. 2009
Atropoides picadoi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 86
|Distribution||Costa Rica, Panama|
Type locality: La Palma, Costa Rica.
|Types||Holotype: USNM 37753|
Illustrations: See color plate 89 in VILLA et al. 1988.
Synonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. Kaiser et al. 2013 considered the generic name Adelynhoserserpenae Hoser 2012 invalid and rejected its use instead of Atropoides.
Type species: Trimeresurus nummifer picadoi DUNN 1939 is the type species of the genus Atropoides WERMAN 1992. However, A. picadoi is only distantly related to other Atropoides and may be placed in a different genus (CASTOE & PARKINSON 2006, Alencar et al. 2016). Campbell 2019 decided to leave picadoi in Atropoides (as it is the type species) but removed all other members of Atropoides and erected a new genus for them, Metlapilcoatlus Campbell et al. 2019. Note that Campbell et al. 2019 did not provide a diagnosis for the new genus.
Priority: The taxonomy of Latin American pitvipers is still uncertain. Both Cerrophidion Campbell and Lamar, 1992 and Atropoides Werman, 1992 were published the same year, with Atropoides having priority (15 June versus 14 August, respectively), and members within these and other genera may still be shuffled around when more reliable molecular data becomes available.
|Etymology||The generic name is derived from the Greek words "atropos," one ofthe three fates in Greek mythology who cut the thread of life, and oides, meaning "similar to, or having the nature of."|
The species is named after Dr. Clodomiro Picado Twight (1887-1944), a leading Costa Rican botanist, zoologist, and toxicologist who studied venomous snakes and antivenins. See the Wikipedia entry on him.