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Aurivela longicauda (BELL, 1843)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Longtail Whiptail 
SynonymAmeiva longicauda BELL 1843: 28
Cnemidophorus longicaudus — GRAY 1845
Cnemidophorus multilineatus PHILIPPI 1869
Cnemidophorus longicauda — GALLARDO 1966: 24
Cnemidophorus longicauda — GALLARDO 1966: 19
Cnemidophorus longicaudus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus longicaudus — CEI 1993
Cnemidophorus longicauda — CABRERA 2004
Cnemidophorus longicaudus — SCROCCHI et al. 2010: 195
Aurivela longicauda — HARVEY et al. 2012
Aurivela longicauda — AVILA et al. 2021 
DistributionN Argentina (Catamarca, La Pampa, San Luis, Córdoba, Santiago del Estero, Buenos Aires, Chubut, Rio Negro [HR 35: 187], La Rioja)

Type locality: Bahia Blanca, Argentina  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.3.14 (and possibly additional specimens). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Aurivela is the only teiid genus with a subtriangular auricular flap partially covering the external auditory meatus, 2–3 suboculars, the first and second chinshields in medial contact, a single subtriangular preanal plate larger than the scale in front of it, and a single row of 3–4 poorly developed tibiotarsal spurs consisting of large triangular scales with raised and pointed distal ends. 
CommentType Species: Ameiva longicauda Bell is the Type species of the genus Aurivela HARVEY et al. 2012.

Group: founding member of the longicauda group, characterized by the presence of an “opercular” projection of skin in the anterodorsal margin of the ears (Cabrera, 2004), among other features (Arias et al., 2011).

Synonymy: mostly after CEI 1993. 
EtymologyNamed after the long tail, Latin “cauda”.

The genus Aurivela is a feminine Latin noun in the nominative singular derived from the Latin words auris meaning ear and velatus meaning covered or concealed. The new name alludes to the auricular flap diagnostic of this genus. 
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238 - get paper here
  • Avila, Luciano Javier; Martín Miguel Femenías, Cristian Hernán Fulvio Pérez, Mariana Morando 2021. Nuevas especies de Liolaemus para la herpetofauna de la provincia de La Rioja, Argentina. Cuadernos de Herpetología 35 (S1): 223-228
  • Bell, T. 1843. The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, under the command of Captain Fitzroy, R.N. during the years 1832 to 1836. Edited and superintended by Charles Darwin ... naturalist to the expedition. Part 5. Reptiles. London, Smith, Elder and Co., (1842-1843), vi + 51 pp. - get paper here
  • Blanco Lozano, Graciela Mirta;Acosta, Juan Carlos;Piaggio, Lia; Nieva, Rodrigo; Victorica, Ana; Castillo, Gabriel 2012. Saurofagia y canibalismo en dos especies de lagartos del centro-oeste de Argentina. Cuadernos de Herpetología 26 (2): - get paper here
  • Cabrera, M. R. 2004. A new species of Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae) from western Argentina. Amphibia-Reptilia 25 (3): 265-275 - get paper here
  • Cabrera, Mario R. & Carreira, S. 2009. A new, but probably extinct, species of Cnemidophorus (Squamata, Teiidae) from Uruguay. The Herpetological Journal 19: 97–105 - get paper here
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Galdeano, A.P., Alés, R.G., Acosta, J.C. & Blanco, G. 2017. Aurivela longicauda (Long-tailed Whiptail) Predation. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 844-845 - get paper here
  • Gallardo, Jose M. 1966. Liolaemus lentus nov. Sp. (Iguanidae) de la Pampa y Algunas observaciones sobre los saurios de picha provincia Argentina y del oeste de Buenos Aires. Neotropica 12 (37): 15-29
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Kass, C A; Kass, N A; Calvo, R; Castillo, M C; Torres, A M & Juri, M D 2018. Aurivela longicauda (Red-tailed Teiid) Predation. Herpetological Review 49 (2): 325-326 - get paper here
  • Maslin, T. & Secoy, D.M. 1986. A checklist of the lizard genus Cnemidophorus (Teiidae). Contr. Zool. Univ. Colorado Mus. 1: 1-60
  • Minoli I, Morando M, Avila LJ 2015. Reptiles of Chubut province, Argentina: richness, diversity, conservation status and geographic distribution maps. ZooKeys 498: 103-126. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.498.7476 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Iglesias, Juan Manuel; Jofré, Laura E.; Rueda, Marta Patricia 2017. Primeros registros de la herpetofauna en dos areas naturales protegidas de la provincia de Santiago del Estero (Argentina). Cuad. herpetol. 32 (1): 49-57 - get paper here
  • REEDER, T.W.; CHARLES J. COLE AND HERBERT C. DESSAUER 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of Whiptail Lizards of the Genus Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): A Test of Monophyly, Reevaluation of Karyotypic Evolution, and Review of Hybrid Origins. American Museum Novitates 3365: 1-64 - get paper here
  • Scolaro, A. 2006. Reptiles Patagónicos Norte. Una guía de campo. Edic. Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia, Trelew, 112 pp.
  • Scrocchi, Gustavo J.; Cristian S. Abdala,Javier Nori, Hussam Zaher 2010. Reptiles de la provincia de Río Negro, Argentina. Fondo Ed. Rionegrino, 249 pp.
  • Yoke, M.M.; Morando, M.; Avila L.J. & Sites, J.W. Jr. 2006. Phylogeography and genetic structure in the Cnemidophorus longicauda complex (Squamata, Teiidae). Herpetologica 62 (4): 420-434 - get paper here
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