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Austrelaps ramsayi (KREFFT, 1864)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesHighlands Copperhead 
SynonymHoplocephalus ramsayi KREFFT 1864: 180
Hoplocephalus ramsayi KREFFT 1865: 67
Denisonia superba BOULENGER 1896 (part.) ?
Hoplocephalus bransbyi MACLEAY 1878
Hoplocephalus brankysi - GOLDMAN, HILL & STANBURY 1969 (in errore)
Austrelaps superbus — COGGER 1983: 218
Austrelaps ramsayi — RAWLINSON 1991
Austrelaps ramsayi — WELCH 1994: 27
Austrelaps ramsayi — COGGER 2000: 771
Austrelaps ramsayi — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Austrelaps ramsayi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 86 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Victoria)

Type locality: “neighbourhood of Braidwood", N. S. W. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: not found, from "neighbourhood of Braidwood", N. S. W.
Holotype: AM R31922, from Sutton Forest, N. S. W. [Hoplocephalus bransbyi]
Neotype: designated by Rawlinson (1991). 
CommentFormerly included as part of Austrelaps superbus.

Venomous! 
References
  • Blackburn, D.G. & Stewart, J.R. 2011. Viviparity and placentation in snakes. In Aldridge & Sever (eds), Reproductive biology and phylogeny in snakes. CRC Press, pp. 119-181
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Goldman, J., Hill, L. & Stanbury, P. J. 1969. Type specimens in the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney. II. Amphibians and Reptiles. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 93: 427-438 - get paper here
  • Krefft, G. 1864. Descriptions of three new species of Australian snakes. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 180-182 - get paper here
  • Krefft, G. 1865. Description of three new species of Australian snakes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 15: 66-68 - get paper here
  • Macleay, W. 1878. On a new species of Hoplocephalus, from Sutton Forest. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 3: 52-54 - get paper here
  • Rawlinson P A 1991. Taxonomy and distribution of the Australian tiger snakes (Notechis) and copperheads (Austrelaps) (Serpentes, Elapidae). ROYAL SOCIETY OF VICTORIA PROCEEDINGS 103 (2): 125-135
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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