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Austroablepharus kinghorni (COPLAND, 1947)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Red-tailed Soil-crevice Skink 
SynonymAblepharus kinghorni COPLAND 1947: 282
Proablepharus kinghorni — FUHN 1969
Proablepharus kinghorni — GREER 1974: 18
Proablepharus kinghorni — COGGER 1983: 182
Proablepharus barklyensis WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Proablepharus kinghorni — COGGER 2000: 557
Proablepharus kinghorni — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Proablepharus kinghorni — SWAN et al 2017
Austroablepharus kinghorni — COUPER et al. 2018 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland)

Type locality: Darling River, between Bourke (30.5° S, 145.58’ E) and Wilcannia (31.28° S, 143.13’ E'), N. S. W.  
TypesHolotype: AMS (AM) R6458 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus). A genus of small skinks (adult SVL ≤ 51mm ) with pentadactyl limbs, ≤ 24 midbody scale rows, ≥ 55 paravertebral scales, and ≥ 30 presacral vertebrae. Limbs narrowly to widely separated when adpressed. Supranasals absent and nasals undivided; prefrontals large, in contact or narrowly separated; eye moderate-sized with lower eyelid immovable, partially fused to upper eyelid to form a permanent spectacle but with a distinct slit between the lower eyelid and the supraciliaries (preablepharine); frontoparietals fused; interparietal free or fused; ear opening very small; parietals in contact; body pattern consisting of alternating pale and dark stripes (each dorsal body scale with a pale centre and dark lateral edges); adult tail colouration red/orange [from Couper et al. 2018]. 
CommentWells and Wellington (1985) diagnose Proablepharus barklyensis by referencing Plate 718 in Cogger (1983). This plate shows a specimen with a free interparietal.

Type species: Ablepharus kinghorni COPLAND 1947: 282 is the type species of the genus Austroablepharus COUPER et al. 2018. 
EtymologyThe species was named after James Roy Kinghorn (1891-1983), Australian herpetologist. For further biographical information see Williams et al. (2006).

The genus was named after “Austro” for Australia and ablepharus referring to an immovable lower eyelid that is partially fused to the upper eyelid to form a permanent spectacle. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Copland, S. J. 1947. Taxonomic notes on the genus Ablepharus (Sauria: Scincidae). 1. A new species from the Darling River. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 71: 282-286 - get paper here
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Couper, Patrick J.; Conrad J. Hoskin, Sally Potter, Jason G. Braggand Craig Moritz. 2018. A New Genus to Accommodate Three Skinks Currently Assigned to Proablepharus (Lacertilia: Scincidae). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 60; 227-231. - get paper here
  • Fuhn, I. 1969. The 'polyphyletic' origin of the genus Ablepharus (Reptilia: Scincidae): a case of parallel evolution. Z. Sool. Syst. Evolutionsf. 7: 67-76 - get paper here
  • Fuhn, I. E. 1969. Revision and redefinition of the genus Ablepharus Lichtenstein 1823 (Reptilia, Scincidae). Revue Roum. Biol. -Zool. 14: 23-41.
  • Greer A E 1981. A new species of Morethia (Lacertilia: Scincidae) from northern Australia, with comments on the biology and relationships of the genus. Rec. Austral. Mus. 33 (2): 89-122 [1980] - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E.; Fisher, A. & Horner, P. 2004. A new species of Proablepharus (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Northern Territory of Australia. The Beagle (Rec NT Mus. Arts Sci.) 20: 199-205 - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Williams, D.; Wüster, W. & Fry, B.G. 2006. The good, the bad and the ugly: Australian snake taxonomists and a history of the taxonomy of Australia’s venomous snakes. Toxicon 48: 919–930 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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