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Bitis albanica HEWITT, 1937

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesAlbany Adder 
SynonymBitis cornuta albanica HEWITT 1937: 76
Bitis albanica — BRANCH 1999: 57
Bitis albanica — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (Eastern Cape Province from Port Elizabeth to near Committees)

Type locality: Kleinpoort, near Committees, 25 km ENE of Grahamstown (33°14’S, 26°46’ E). Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesLectotype: PEM R8279 (previously AM 6860) 
CommentVenomous! A very rare and probably endangered species (known only from 8 specimens). 
References
  • Branch,W.R. 1999. Dwarf adders of the Bitis cornuta-inornata complex (Serptentes: Viperidae) in Southern Africa. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 39-63
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Terralog 15, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 150 pp.
  • Hewitt ,J. 1937. A guide to the vertebrate fauna of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, Part II: reptile, amphibians, and freshwater fishes. Grahamstown, vii + 141 pp.
  • Lenk,P.; Herrmann,H. W.; Joger,U. & Wink,M. 1999. Phylogeny and taxonomic subdivision of Bitis (Reptilia: Viperidae) based on molecular evidence. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 31-38 - get paper here
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
 
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