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Bitis gabonica (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Gaboon Adder
G: Gabunviper 
SynonymBitis gabonica gabonica (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854)
Cerastes nasicornis HALLOWELL 1847 (non SHAW)
Echidna gabonica DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1428
Bitis gabonica — SCHMIDT 1923: 142
Bitis gabonica gabonica MERTENS 1951
Bitis arietans gabonica — BROADLEY 1959
Bitis gabonica gabonica — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 23
Urobelus gabonicus (fide LEBRETON 1999)
Bitis (Macrocerastes) gabonica — LENK et al. 1999
Bitis gabonica — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 363
Bitis gabonica — RÖDEL & MAHSBERG 2000
Bitis gabonica — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007 
DistributionSierra Leone, Benin, Nigeria, Chad, S Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Uganda, Equatorial Guinea, Congo (Brazzaville), Angola, Zambia, E Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Republic of South Africa (Zululand), Malawi

Type locality: Gabon Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 4012. 
CommentVenomous!

Subspecies: Bitis gabonica rhinoceros has been elevated to valid species, Bitis (Macrocerastes) rhinoceros. Following Chippaux, B. gabonica has two dark triangles below eye and B. rhinoceros only one behind eye.

Not in Benin fide ULLENBRUCH et al. 2010. 
References
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