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Bitis heraldica (BOCAGE, 1889)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Angolan adder; Bocage's Horned Adder [after FRANK & RAMUS 1995] 
SynonymVipera heraldica BOCAGE 1889
Bitis heraldica — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Bitis heraldica — WELCH 1994: 27
Bitis heraldica — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 364
Bitis heraldica — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007 
DistributionC Angola

Type locality: “affluents du Cunene, entre Ie 13° et 14° parallele al'est de Caconda." [Calai River (tributary of the Kunene), Cacanda, Angola]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: MB 2127 (destroyed). 
CommentVenomous! Sometimes considered to be synonymous with Bitis peringueyi BOULENGER 1896.

Photo in KUCHARZEWSKI 2011.

This species is hornless. 
References
  • Bocage, J.V.B. de 1889. Mélanges erpétologiques. II. Sur une vipère apparemment nouvelle d'Angola. Journ. Sci., Lisboa (2), 2: 127-128
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Terralog 15, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 150 pp.
  • KUCHARZEWSKI, C 2011. OLD WORLD VIPERS. A natural history of the Azemiopinae and Viperinae von Tony PHELPS – Anmerkungen, Ergänzungen, Korrekturen. Sauria 33 (3): 19-42
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mertens, R. 1958. Bitis heraldica, eine oft verkannte Otter aus Angola. Senck. biol. 39 (3/4): 145-148
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
 
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