You are here » home advanced search Bitis inornata

Bitis inornata (SMITH, 1838)

IUCN Red List - Bitis inornata - Vulnerable, VU

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPlain Mountain Adder, Hornless Adder 
SynonymEchidna inornata SMITH 1838: 4
Clotho atropos GRAY 1849: 26 (part.)
Echidna inornata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1437
Vipera inornata — STRAUCH 1869: 97
Bitis inornata — BOULENGER 1896: 296
Bitis inornata — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Bitis cornuta inornata — UNDERWOOD 1968: 84 (part.)
Bitis cornuta inornata — WELCH 1994: 27
Bitis (Calechidna) inornata — LENK et al. 1999
Bitis inornata — BRANCH 1999: 54
Bitis inornata — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 364
Bitis inornata — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (inland old escarpment, and Sneeuberg near Graaf-Reinet).

Type locality: Sneeuwbergen, near Graaff Reinet, Cape Province.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.18.13 (formerly BMNH 1865.5.4.166). 
CommentVenomous! Sometimes the author of this species is given as SMITH 1849. Previously described relict populations on Cedarberg are in fact Bitis rubida (W. Wüster, pers. comm.) 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, W. R. 1989. A new Adder (Bitis) from the Cedarberg, and the Status of Bitis inornata: Preliminary Observations Jour. Herp. Ass. Afr. (36): 64-67 - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Branch,W.R. 1999. Dwarf adders of the Bitis cornuta-inornata complex (Serptentes: Viperidae) in Southern Africa. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 39-63
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Terralog 15, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 150 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C., BIBRON, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1849. Catalogue of the specimens of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Edward Newman, London, i-xv; 1-125. - get paper here
  • Lenk,P.; Herrmann,H. W.; Joger,U. & Wink,M. 1999. Phylogeny and taxonomic subdivision of Bitis (Reptilia: Viperidae) based on molecular evidence. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 31-38 - get paper here
  • Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Smith, A. 1838. Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, consisting chiefly of Figures and Descriptions of the Objects of Natural History collected during an Expedition into the Interior of South Africa, in the years 1834, 1835, and 1836 . . . Vol. 3, Reptilia. Smith, Elder, and Co., London [This series was published in 28 parts; see Waterhouse 1880, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1880:489-491, and Jentink 1893, Notes Leyden Mus. 15:182, for publication dates and contents.] - get paper here
  • Underwood G. 1968. On the status of some South Africna vipers. Ann. Cape Prov, Mus. 6 (9): 81-85
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator