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Bitis nasicornis (SHAW, 1802)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Rhinoceros Viper
G: Nashornviper 
SynonymColuber nasicornis SHAW 1802: 94
Vipera nasicornis – DAUDIN 1803: 322
Cerastes nasicornis — WAGLER (fide HALLOWELL 1857: 62)
Clotho nasicornis – GRAY 1842: 69
Vipera hexacera DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1416
Echidna nasicornis – HALLOWELL 1857: 62
Bitis nasicornis – BÜTTIKOFER 1890
Bitis nasicornis – BOULENGER 1896: 500
Bitis nasicornis — SCHMIDT 1923: 143
Bitis (Macrocerastes) nasicornis — LENK et al. 1999
Bitis nasicornis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 364
Bitis nasicornis — RÖDEL & MAHSBERG 2000
Bitis nasicornis — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007 
DistributionS Sudan, W Kenya, Uganda, Angola, W/C/E Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville), Gabon, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Central African Republic, Tanzania, Zambia

Type locality: Inner Africa Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesTypes: Unlocated. Reportedly (Shaw, 1802: 400) in the British Museum but not identi- fiable from the listings in Boulenger (1896: 500-501). 
CommentVenomous! 
References
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  • Briscoe, M.S. 1949. Notes on Snakes Collected in Liberia. Copeia 1949 (1): 16-18 - get paper here
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  • Büttikofer 1890. Reisebilder aus Liberia. II. Die Bewohner Liberia 's.Thierwelt. Leyden: 1890, 8vo, 510 pp.
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  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
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  • Duméril, A. M. C., BIBRON, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1842. Monographic Synopsis of the Vipers or the family Viperidae. Zool. Miscell., 1842: 68-71 - get paper here
  • Hallowell,E. 1857. Notes of a collection of reptiles from the Gaboon country, West Africa, recently presented to the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, by Dr. Herny A. Ford. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 9: 48-72 - get paper here
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  • Loveridge, A. 1956. On snakes collected in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan by J.S. Owen, Esq. Sudan Notes Rec. 36: 37-56 [1955]
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