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Bitis worthingtoni PARKER, 1932

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesKenya Horned Viper 
SynonymBitis worthingtoni PARKER 1932: 221
Bitis worthingtoni — WELCH 1994: 29
Bitis (Keniabitis) worthingtoni — LENK et al. 1999
Bitis worthingtoni — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 366
Bitis worthingtoni — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007 
DistributionKenya

Type locality: shore of Lake Naivasha Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1932.5.2.8 
CommentVenomous!

Type species: Bitis worthingtoni is the type species for the new subgenus Keniabitis (LENK et al. 1999).

Length: 275 mm, tail 33 mm. 
EtymologyEtymology: Named after the collector, E.B. Worthington. 
References
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Terralog 15, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 150 pp.
  • Fleck,J. 2000. Bemerkungen zur Kenia-Hornpuffotter, Bitis worthingtoni, sowie Beobachtungen bei der Haltung und Vermehrung. Elaphe 8 (3): 20-23
  • Herrmann,H. W.; Joger,U.; Lenk,P. & Wink,M. 1999. Morphological and molecular phylogenies of viperines: conflicting evidence?. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 21-30 - get paper here
  • Lenk,P.; Herrmann,H. W.; Joger,U. & Wink,M. 1999. Phylogeny and taxonomic subdivision of Bitis (Reptilia: Viperidae) based on molecular evidence. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 31-38 - get paper here
  • Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Parker,H.W. 1932. Scientific results of the Cambridge expedition to the east African lakes, 1930-31. 5. Reptiles and amphibians. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 38: 213-229
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2001. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147]
 
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