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Bitis xeropaga HAACKE, 1975

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesDesert Mountain Adder 
SynonymBitis xeropaga HAACKE 1975
Bitis xeropaga — WELCH 1994: 29
Bitis (Calechidna) xeropaga — LENK et al. 1999
Bitis xeropaga — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 367
Bitis xeropaga — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007 
DistributionNamibia, Republic of South Africa

Type locality: "Dreikammberg on north bank of Orange River, Lüderitz district, South West Africa [Namibia] (16°52' E, 28°05'S, [elevation] about 300 m)." Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: TMP 42305. 
CommentVenomous! 
References
  • Bauer, A.M., and Branch, W.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the Richtersveld National Park, Northern Cape Province, Republic of South Africa. Herpetological Natural History 8: 111-160 [2001]
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Terralog 15, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 150 pp.
  • Fleck,J. 1999. Bemerkungen zur Wüstenbergotter Bitis xeropaga HAACKE 1975 sowie Beobachtungen bei der Haltung und Zucht. Herpetofauna 21 (122): 5-9 - get paper here
  • Haacke, W.D. 1975. Description of a new adder (Viperidae, Reptilia) from Southem Africa, with a discussion of related forms. Cimbebasia (A) 4: 115-128.
  • Lenk,P.; Herrmann,H. W.; Joger,U. & Wink,M. 1999. Phylogeny and taxonomic subdivision of Bitis (Reptilia: Viperidae) based on molecular evidence. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 31-38 - get paper here
  • Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Sattler, U. 1998. Nachzucht von Bitis xeropaga (HAACKE 1975). Elaphe 6 (4): 24
 
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