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Blythia reticulata (BLYTH, 1855)

IUCN Red List - Blythia reticulata - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Blyth's Reticulated Snake
Chinese: 珠光蛇 
SynonymCalamaria reticulata BLYTH 1854: 287
Blythia reticulata — THEOBALD 1868
Blythia reticulata — BOULENGER 1893: 314
Blythia reticulata — WALL 1908: 323
Aproaspidops antecursorum ANNANDALE 1912
Blythia reticulata — SMITH 1943: 339
Blythia reticulata — DAS 1996: 54
Blythia reticulata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 95 
DistributionIndia (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh (Chessa - Papum Pare district), Mizoram, Nagaland), Bangladesh
Myanmar (= Burma)
China (SE Xizang = Tibet)

Type locality: ‘Asám’ (then comprising the modern day Assam State, in addition to much of the rest of north-eastern India).  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesSyntypes: ZSI 7028–29 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Theobald (1868) defined the genus by these characters: scales smooth in 13 rows; loreal and preocular missing, both replaced by a very large prefrontal; round pupil and two rows of subcaudals (after Vogel et al. 2017). 
CommentType species: Calamaria reticulata BLYTH 1854 is the type species of the genus Blythia THEOBALD 1868. 
EtymologyThe species was named after Latin rete, retis = net, apparently for the reticulated pattern that is visible in at least some specimens.

The genus was named after Edward Blyth (1810-1873), Curator of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 
  • Annandale, NELSON 1912. Zoological results of the Abor Expedition, 1911-1912. Records of the Indian Museum 8 (1): 7-59 [Reptilia, pages 37-59] (supplement in same journal, 8 (4): 357-358, 1914). - get paper here
  • Ao J. M., David P., Bordoloi S., Ohler A. 2004. Notes on a collection of snakes from Nagaland, Northeast India, with 19 new records for this state. Russian Journal of Herpetology 11 (2): 155 – 162
  • Biakzuala L, Hruaia V, Biakhlui L, Lalremsanga HT 2021. Second observation of the reproductive biology of Blythia reticulata (Blyth, 1854) (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Herpetozoa 34: 121-124 - get paper here
  • Biakzuala L, Lalremsanga HT, Laltlanchhuaha H, Barman BK 2020. Observations on the oviposition of Blythia reticulata (Blyth, 1854) with new distributional records from Mizoram State, NE India. Herpetozoa 33: 53-57 - get paper here
  • Blyth, EDWARD. 1855. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little known [part 2]. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 23 (3): 287-302 [1854] - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Hakim, J., Trageser, S. J., Ghose, A., Rashid, S. M. A., & Rahman, S. C. 2020. Amphibians and reptiles from Lawachara National Park in Bangladesh. Check List, 16: 1239 - get paper here
  • Lalremsanga, H.T.; Saipari Sailo and Chinliansiama 2011. Diversity of Snakes (Reptilia: Squamata) and Role of Environmental Factors in Their Distribution in Mizoram, Northeast India. Advances in Environmental Chemistry - get paper here
  • LALRONUNGA, SAMUEL; C. LALRINCHHANA, VANRAMLIANA VANRAMLIANA, ABHIJIT DAS, DAVID J. GOWER, V. DEEPAK 2020. A multilocus molecular perspective on the systematics of the poorly known Northeast Indian colubrid snakes Blythia reticulata (Blyth, 1854), B. hmuifang Vogel, Lalremsanga & Vanlalhrima, 2017, and Hebius xenura (Wall, 1907). Zootaxa 4768 (2): 193–200 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Purkayastha J. 2013. An Amateur’s Guide to Reptiles of Assam. EBH Publishers (India) - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Theobald, WILLIAM 1868. Catalogue of reptiles in the Museum of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 37 (extra number 146): (2), vi, 7-88 - get paper here
  • Venning, F.E.W. 1910. Further notes on snakes from the Chin Hills. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 20: 770-775 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1908. Notes on a collection of snakes from the Khasi Hills, Assam. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 312-337 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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