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Bogertophis subocularis (BROWN, 1901)

IUCN Red List - Bogertophis subocularis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesBogertophis subocularis amplinotus WEBB 1990
Bogertophis subocularis subocularis (BROWN 1901) 
Common NamesE: subocularis: Trans-Pecos Rat Snake
G: Transpecos-Kletternatter, Transpecos-Rattennatter 
SynonymColuber subocularis BROWN 1901: 492
Elaphe subocularis — STEJNEGER & BARBOUR 1917: 84
Elaphe subocularis — REYNOLDS & SCOTT 1977
Elaphe subocularis — WORTHINGTON 1981
Elaphe subocularis — NIEDERHAUSER 1984
Elaphe subocularis — STEBBINS 1985: 186
Elaphe subocularis — TANNER 1985: 630
Bogertophis subocularis — DOWLING & PRICE 1988
Bogertophis subocularis — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 200
Bogertophis subocularis — LINER 1994
Bogertophis subocularis — CROTHER 2000: 57
Bogertophis subocularis — CROTHER et al. 2012
Bogertophis subocularis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 100

Bogertophis subocularis amplinotus WEBB 1990
Elaphe subocularis amplinotus WEBB 1990

Bogertophis subocularis subocularis (BROWN 1901)
Coluber subocularis BROWN 1901
Bogertophis subocularis subocularis — CROTHER 2000: 57 
DistributionUSA (S New Mexico, W Texas),
Mexico (NE Chihuahua, Coahuila, NE Durango, Nuevo León)

amplinotus: Mexico (Durango); Type locality: Mexico: 90.5 mi N of City of Durango, Durango; R. Arndt and W. Sherbrooke; June 26, 1963.

subocularis: W Texas, New Mexico, Mexico (Coahuila)

Type locality: USA: Texas, Jeff Davis County, Davis Mountains, 50 miles s-w from Pecos (Brown, 1901) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesType. ANSP 13733
Holotype: UIMNH 62817 [amplinotus] 
CommentSuspecies: Webb 1990 also described intergrades between subocularis and amplinotus from Coahuila and adjacent Nuevo Leon. B. s. amplinotus has been named for its larger body blotches as opposed to subocularis (Latin amplio = enlarge, expand; nota = mark).

Type species: Coluber subocularis BROWN 1901: 492 is the type species of the genus Bogertophis DOWLING & PRICE 1988. 
References
  • Axtell, Ralph W. 1939. AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF THE BLACK GAP WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AREA, BREWSTER COUNTY, TEXAS. Southwestern Naturalist 4 (2): 88-109
  • Baker, R.J.; Bull, J.J.; Mengden, G.A. 1971. Chromosomes of Elaphe subocularis (Reptilia: Serpentes), with the description of an in vivo technique for preparation of snake chromosomes. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 27(10):1228-1229.
  • Brown, A.E. 1901. A review of the Genera and Species of American Snakes, North of Mexico [title not verified]. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 53: 10-110 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Dowling, H. G. 1957. A taxonomic study of the ratsnakes, genus Elaphe Fitzinger V. The rosalie section. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan 583: 1-22
  • Dowling, H.G. and R. M. Price 1988. A proposed new genus for Elaphe subocularis and Elaphe rosaliae. The Snake 20: 52-63
  • Griswold, Billy 1994. The Trans-Pecos rat snake. Reptile & Amphibian magazine (May/June): 64-69
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Kornacker, P.M. & U. Dederichs 2009. Der Big-Bend-Nationalpark und seine Reptilien. Teil 2: Schlangen. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (75): 51-57 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Cruz A 2016. Amphibians and Reptiles of the state of Nuevo León, Mexico. ZooKeys 594: 123-141, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.594.8289 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 1995. The Encyclopedia of Snakes. New York: Facts on File, 256 pp.
  • Moll, E.O., and M. Rubio. 2006. Bogertophis subocularis (Brown, 1901), Trans-Pecos Ratsnake. Patronyms of the Pioneer West. Sonoran Herpetologist 19 (10):110-114. - get paper here
  • Niederhauser, R. 1984. Zuchterfolg bei der selten gehaltenen Transpecos-Natter, Elaphe subocularis. Herpetofauna 6 (31): 31-34 - get paper here
  • Philippen, Hans-Dieter P 2014. Vielfalt ist Trumpf. Draco 16 (57): 6-15 - get paper here
  • Price R M 1990. Bogertophis Dowling and Price. Trans-Pecos and Santa Rosalia snakes. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 497: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R.P. & Scott Jr., N.J. 1982. Use of a Mammalian Resource by a Chihuahuan Snake Community. In: Scott, N.J. (ed.) Herpetological communities [an SSAR symposium]. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildl. Res. Rep. 13: 99-118
  • Rhoads, D. D. 2016. Bogertophis subocularis (Trans-Pecos Ratsnake) diet and foraging behavior. Herpetological Review 47(3): 473.
  • Rhoads, Dustin D. 2016. Bogertophis subocularis (Trans-Pecos Ratsnake) mosaicism. Herpetological Review 47 (2): 241-242
  • Rhoads, Dustin D. 2017. Bogertophis subocularis (Trans-Pecos Ratsnake) Microhabitat Use Herpetological Review 48 (1): 204 - get paper here
  • Rocha, Arturo, Vicente Mata-Silva and Jerry D. Johnson. 2014. Bogertophis subocularis (Trans-Pecos ratsnake) maximum movement. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 140
  • Rocha, Arturo, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and William D. Lukefahr. 2013. Bogertophis subocularis (Trans-Pecos ratsnake) overwintering behavior. Herpetological Review 44 (3): 517-518
  • Schulz, K. D. 1996. Eine Monographie der Schlangengattung Elaphe Fitzinger. Bushmaster, Berg (CH): 1-460
  • Spinner, Leo 2017. Die Sanftmütige aus dem Wüstengebirge Haltung und Nachzucht der Trans-Pecos-Rattennatter Terraria-Elaphe (1): 32-36 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Tanner, Wilmer W. 1985. Snakes of Western Chihuahua. Great Basin Naturalist 45 (4): 615-676 - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. 2003. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions, revised edition. Lone Star Books, 605 pp.
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Webb, R. G. 1990. Description of a new subspecies of Bogertophis subocularis (Brown) from northern Mexico (Serpentes: Colubridae). Texas Journal of Science 42 (3): 227-243
  • Webb, Robert G.;Ferguson, George M. 1986. Morphological variation in the trans-Pecos rat snake (Elaphe subocularis). Southwestern Naturalist 31 (1): 118-121 - get paper here
  • Werler, John E. & James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
  • Werning, H. 2009. Das Serpentarium des Snakeparadise in Eschlikon in der Schweiz. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (79): 76-82 - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Südwestens. Draco 13 (50): 18-60 - get paper here
  • Worthington R D 1981. Elaphe subocularis (Brown). Trans-Pecos rat snake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 268 1980[1981]: 1-2 - get paper here
 
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