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Borikenophis sanctaecrucis (COPE, 1862)

IUCN Red List - Borikenophis sanctaecrucis - Extinct, EX

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Higher TaxaDipsadidae, Alsophiini, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSt. Croix Racer 
SynonymAlsophis sancticrucis COPE 1862: 76
Dromicus sanctae-crucis BOULENGER 1893: 122 (emendation)
Dromicus sanctae-crucis — BOULENGER 1894: 122
Alsophis sanctaecrucis - SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 576
Alsophis sanctaecrucis — CROTHER 1999
Alsophis sanctaecrucis — ZAHER et al. 2009
Borikenophis sanctaecrucis — HEDGES et al. 2009 
DistributionUS Virgin Islands, St. Croix, Puerto Rico Bank

Type locality: St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntype: ANSP 5405; other(s) unlocated. 
CommentFor illustrations see Schwartz, 1966.

Conservation: Probably extinct since around 1898. 
References
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Crother, Brian I. 1999. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS AMONG WEST INDIAN XENODONTINE SNAKES (SERPENTES; COLUBRIDAE) WITH COMMENTS ON THE PHYLOGENY OF SOME MAINLAND XENODONTINES. Contemporary Herpetology 2 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. Blair; Arnaud Couloux; Vidal, Nicolas 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of West Indian racer snakes of the Tribe Alsophiini (Squamata, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 2067: 1-28 - get paper here
  • Henderson R W. Powell R. 1996. Alsophis sanctaecrucis. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (634): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Joseph-Ouni, M. 2006. Profiles of extinction #20 - St. Croix Racer, Alsophis sanctaecrucis. Reptilia (GB) (46): 82 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1966. Snakes of the genus Alsophis in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Stud. Fauna Curaçao and Carib. Is. 23(90):175-227.
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Zaher, Hussam; Grazziotin, Felipe Gobbi; Cadle, John E.; Murphy, Robert W.; Moura-Leite, Julio Cesar 2009. Molecular phylogeny of advanced snakes (Serpentes, Caenophidia) with an emphasis on South American Xenodontines: a revised classification and descriptions of new taxa. Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) 49 (11): 115-153 - get paper here
 
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