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Bothriechis bicolor (BOCOURT, 1868)

IUCN Red List - Bothriechis bicolor - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Guatemala Palm Pit Viper
G: Zweifarbige Lanzenotter, Guatemala-Palmenlanzenotter 
SynonymBothrops bicolor BOCOURT 1868: 202
Bothrops (Bothriechis) Bernoulli MÜLLER 1878: 399
Trimeresurus bicolor — MOCQUARD 1909: 948
Bothrops bicolor — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 44
? Bothriechis ornatus JULIÁ & VARELA 1978 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
? Bothrops ornatus - VILLA et al. 1988
Bothrops bicolor - VILLA et al. 1988
Bothriechis bicolor — LINER 1994
Bothriechis bicolor — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 244 
DistributionMexico (SW Chiapas), Guatemala, along the Pacific versant of the southern
Volcanic Cordillera, NW Honduras ?

Type locality: Forests of St. Augustin, on western slope of Cordillera, Departamento de Sololá, Guatemala, 610 m elevation. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN 1362, MNHN 1991.3169, MNHN 1991.3170 (3 specimens) 
CommentVenomous! Synonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.

Distribution: reports from Honduras may represent B. marchi or B. thalassinus (pers. comm., Robert Meidinger, 24 Apr 2013) although some sources report it from Honduras (e.g. McDiarmid et al. 1999: 244).

Habitat: forests 
References
  • Bocourt,M.F. 1868. Descriptions de quelques crotaliens nouveaux appartenant au genre Bothrops, recueillis dans le Guatémala. Ann. Sci. Nat., Paris, Ser. 5, (Zool.) 10: 201-202 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Juliá, J., & VARELA, J. M. 1978. Una Bothrops de México, nueva para la ciencia. Mem. Primer Congr. Nac. Zool., 9-12 Oct 1977, Chapingo, Mex. Esc. Nac. Agric. (Univ. Auton. Ch.), Chapingo Mex.: 209-210.
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Meléndez, Lester 2008. Die Bothriechis-Arten Guatemalas – Daten zur Biologie und Nachzucht. Draco 8 (33): 44-49 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1960. The World of Amphibians and Reptiles. McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 207 pp.
  • Müller, F. 1878. Über einige seltene und neue Reptilien aus Guatemala. Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel, 6: 390-411 - get paper here
  • Pachmann, A. 2012. IN 5 JAHREN UM DIE WELT: Mit den Besten unterwegs Reptilia (Münster) 17 (97): 18-19 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Villa, J., Wilson, L.D., Johnson, J.D. 1988. Middle American Herpetology - A Bibliographic Checklist. University of Missouri Press
 
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