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Bothriechis schlegelii (BERTHOLD, 1846)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Eyelash Viper
G: Schlegels Lanzenotter, Greifschwanz-Lanzenotter
S: Víbora de pestañas, Serpiente Loro 
SynonymTrigonocephalus schlegelii BERTHOLD 1846: 13
Lachesis nitidus GÜNTHER 1859: 414
Bothrops Schlegeli — JAN 1863: 127
Bothrops (Teleuraspis) nigroadspersus STEINDACHNER 1870: 348
Teleuraspis nigroadspersus — GARMAN 1884: 108
Thanatophis torvus POSADA ARANGO 1889: 345
Thanatophis colgadora GARCIA 1896
Lachesis schlegelii BOULENGER 1896
Trimeresurus schlegelii - BOCOURT 1909 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
Bothrops schlegeli TAYLOR 1951: 173
Bothrops schlegelli — HOGE 1966: 134 (in error)
Bothrops schlegelii — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 54
Bothriechis schlegelii - SAVAGE & VILLA 1986
Bothrops schlegelii - VILLA et al. 1988
Bothriechis schlegelii — LINER 1994
Bothriechis schlegelii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 246
Bothriechis schlegelii — CARRERA et al. 2009
Bothriechis schlegelii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 108
Bothriechis schlegelli — GRÜNWALD et al. 2016 (in error) 
DistributionMexico (Chiapas, etc. Liner 1994), Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras [HR 30: 112], Nicaragua (JANSEN & KÖHLER 2003), Panama, Ecuador (Manabí [HR 32: 58]), Venezuela (KORNACKER 1999), Peru (LEHR 2002); elevation (Honduras): 860 m, 0-2500 m, Colombia (Caldas)

Type locality: Popayan, Colombia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: ZIUG (Göttingen Mus.) (?) (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1945) 
CommentVenomous!

Very variable with red, yellow and greenish forms. See color plate 90 in VILLA et al. 1988, Penner (2001) and Hofmann (2003).

Synonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. Bothrops schlegelii supraciliaris TAYLOR 1954 has been removed from the synonymy of B. schlegeli and revalidated and elevated to full species status.

Abundance in Honduras: rare

Size: Max. total length: 60 cm

Habitat: forests

Distribution: reported from Venezuela (Tachira, Amazonas), but not confirmed, but in nearby Colombia (RIVAS et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after Hermann Schlegel (1804-1884), German herpetologist. 
References
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