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Bothriechis schlegelii (BERTHOLD, 1846)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Eyelash Viper
G: Schlegels Lanzenotter, Greifschwanz-Lanzenotter
S: Víbora de pestañas, Serpiente Loro 
SynonymTrigonocephalus schlegelii BERTHOLD 1846: 13
Lachesis nitidus GÜNTHER 1859: 414
Bothrops Schlegeli — JAN 1863: 127
Bothrops (Teleuraspis) nigroadspersus STEINDACHNER 1870: 348
Teleuraspis nigroadspersus — GARMAN 1884: 108
Thanatophis torvus POSADA ARANGO 1889: 345
Thanatophis colgadora GARCIA 1896
Lachesis schlegelii BOULENGER 1896
Trimeresurus schlegelii - BOCOURT 1909 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
Bothrops schlegeli TAYLOR 1951: 173
Bothrops schlegelli — HOGE 1966: 134 (in error)
Bothrops schlegelii — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 54
Bothriechis schlegelii - SAVAGE & VILLA 1986
Bothrops schlegelii - VILLA et al. 1988
Bothriechis schlegelii — LINER 1994
Bothriechis schlegelii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 246
Bothriechis schlegelii — CARRERA et al. 2009
Bothriechis schlegelii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 108
Bothriechis schlegelli — GRÜNWALD et al. 2016 (in error) 
DistributionMexico (Chiapas, etc. Liner 1994), Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras [HR 30: 112], Nicaragua (JANSEN & KÖHLER 2003), Panama, Ecuador (Manabí [HR 32: 58]), Peru (LEHR 2002); elevation (Honduras): 860 m, 0-2500 m, Colombia (Caldas, Valle del Cauca)

Type locality: Popayan, Colombia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: ZIUG (Göttingen Mus.) (?) (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1945) 
CommentVenomous!

Very variable with red, yellow and greenish forms. See color plate 90 in VILLA et al. 1988, Penner (2001) and Hofmann (2003).

Synonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. Bothrops schlegelii supraciliaris TAYLOR 1954 has been removed from the synonymy of B. schlegeli and revalidated and elevated to full species status.

Abundance in Honduras: rare

Size: Max. total length: 60 cm

Habitat: forests

Distribution: reported from Venezuela (Tachira, Amazonas), but not confirmed, but in nearby Colombia (RIVAS et al. 2012, KORNACKER 1999). Not in Venezuela (Luis Esqueda, pers. comm., 21 April 2016, see also Natera-Mumaw et al. 2015). 
EtymologyNamed after Hermann Schlegel (1804-1884), German herpetologist. 
References
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