Bothrops caribbaeus (GARMAN, 1887)
|Higher Taxa||Viperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes)|
|Common Names||SAINT LUCIA VIPER|
|Synonym||Trigonocephalus caribbaeus GARMAN 1887: 285|
Bothrops lanceolatus caribbeus — SANDNER-MONTILLA 1990: 12
Coluber lanceolatus LACÉPÈDE 1789
Bothrops caribbaea — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 593
Bothrops caribbeus – LAZELL 1964
Bothrops caribbaeus — WELCH 1994: 33
Bothrops caribbaeus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 259
Bothrops caribbaeus — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops caribbaeus — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Bothrops caribbaeus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 116
|Distribution||Lesser Antilles: St. Lucia|
Type locality: St. Lucia; restricted to Grande Anse, Dauphin Quarter, St. Lucia, by Lazell, 1964.
|Types||Lectotype: MCZ 4814, designated by Lazell, 1964b.|
|Comment||Venomous! Has been considered as a synonym of B. atrox (Gosner 1987).|
Original description from GARMN (1887): Labials 7 to 8; lower lahials 8 to 11. Rows of scales 25, 27, 27; ventrals 197, 206, 209 ; subcaudals 64, 69 pairs. This serpent is more slender than that from Martinique; it has narrower scales and not nearly so many of them. In color the tendency is toward olive, more or less uniform ; the brown blotches being almost obsolete in cases. Belly whitish to yellowish, with few or no puncticulations. Individuals vary from light olive with white belly to dark olive-brown with yellowjsh ventrals.
The Martinique serpent is brown rather than olive ; the brown blotches are more distinct, and the puncticulations on dorsals and outer portions of ventrals are abundant ; the bellies are yellow. Individuals vary from yellow to black.