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Bothrops caribbaeus (GARMAN, 1887)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSAINT LUCIA VIPER 
SynonymTrigonocephalus caribbaeus GARMAN 1887: 285
Bothrops lanceolatus caribbeus — SANDNER-MONTILLA 1990: 12
Coluber lanceolatus LACÉPÈDE 1789
Bothrops caribbaea — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 593
Bothrops caribbeus – LAZELL 1964
Bothrops caribbaeus — WELCH 1994: 33
Bothrops caribbaeus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 259
Bothrops caribbaeus — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops caribbaeus — CARRASCO et al. 2012 
DistributionLesser Antilles: St. Lucia

Type locality: St. Lucia; restricted to Grande Anse, Dauphin Quarter, St. Lucia, by Lazell, 1964.  
TypesLectotype: MCZ 4814, designated by Lazell, 1964b. 
CommentVenomous! Has been considered as a synonym of B. atrox (Gosner 1987).

Original description from GARMN (1887): Labials 7 to 8; lower lahials 8 to 11. Rows of scales 25, 27, 27; ventrals 197, 206, 209 ; subcaudals 64, 69 pairs. This serpent is more slender than that from Martinique; it has narrower scales and not nearly so many of them. In color the tendency is toward olive, more or less uniform ; the brown blotches being almost obsolete in cases. Belly whitish to yellowish, with few or no puncticulations. Individuals vary from light olive with white belly to dark olive-brown with yellowjsh ventrals.
The Martinique serpent is brown rather than olive ; the brown blotches are more distinct, and the puncticulations on dorsals and outer portions of ventrals are abundant ; the bellies are yellow. Individuals vary from yellow to black. 
References
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Gosner,K.L. 1987. Observations on Lesser Antillean Pit Vipers. Journal of Herpetology 21 (1): 78-80 - get paper here
  • Lazell, James D., Jr. 1964. The Lesser Antillean representatives of Bothrops and Constrictor. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 132 (3): 245-273 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Powell, Robert ; Wittenberg, Rodney D 1998. Bothrops caribbaeus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 676: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Salomão, M.G., W. Wüster, R.S. Thorpe & BBBSP 1999. MtDNA phylogeny of Neotropical pitvipers of the genus Bothrops (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 127-134
  • Sandner-Montilla, F. 1990. Mem. Cient. Ofidiol. 10: 6-15
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
 
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