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Bothrops erythromelas AMARAL, 1923

IUCN Red List - Bothrops erythromelas - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCaatinga Lancehead 
SynonymBothrops erythromelas AMARAL 1923: 96
Bothrops erythromelas AMARAL 1926: 114
Bothrops erythromelas — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 45
Bothrops erythromelas — WELCH 1994: 33
Bothrops erythromelas — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 260
Bothrops erythromelas — RODRIGUES 2003
Bothropoides erythromelas — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops erythromelas — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Bothropoides erythromelas — WALLACH et al. 2014: 113 
DistributionBrazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceara, E Maranhao, Minas Gerais, Paraiba,
Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe)

Type locality: Near Joazeiro, Estado da Bahia, Brazil. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: IB (= IBSP) 3030. 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymys: Machado et al. 2013 listed Lachesis neuwiedi itapetiningae Ihering (1911) as a synonym of B. erythromelas, based on previous authors. Note that Amaral described Bothrops erythromelas as a new species in two independent papers, published in 1923 and 1926. 
References
  • Amaral,A. do 1923. New genera and species of snakes. Proc. New England Zool. Club 8: 85-105 - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1926. Novos gêneros e expécies de ophidios brasileiros. Arch. Mus. Nac. Brazil, Rio de Janeiro 26: 1-27
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Carrasco, P.A., C.I. Mattoni, G.C. Leynaud, and G.J. Scrocchi. 2012. Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of South American bothropoid pitvipers (Serpentes, Viperidae). Zoologica Scripta 41:1–15 - get paper here
  • De Oliveira, Monique Celião, Adonias Aphoena Martins Teixeira, João Antõnio de Araujo Filho, Samuel Vieira Brito and Waltécio De Oliveira Almeida. 2015. Bothrops erythromelas (jararaca dry) endoparasite. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 444
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Garda, A.A.; T.B. Costa; C.R. Santos-Silva; D.O. Mesquita; R.G. Faria; B.M. Conceição; I.R.S. Silva; A.S. Ferreira; S.M. Rocha; C.N.S. Palmeira; R. Rodrigues; S.F. Ferrari; S. Torquato. 2013. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga I: Raso da Catarina Ecological Station (Bahia, Brazil). Check List 9 (2):405-414 - get paper here
  • Gondim, Patrícia de Menezes, João Fabrício Mota Rodrigues, Maria Juliana Borges-Leite and Diva Maria Borges-Nojosa. 2016. Topographic anatomy and sexual dimorphism of Bothrops erythromelas AMARAL, 1923 (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Herpetozoa 28 (3/4): 133-140
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Lambertz, M. 2010. Kommentierte Liste der squamaten Reptilien des Sanddünengebietes am mittleren Rio São Francisco (Bahia, Brasilien) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung endemischer Faunenelemente. Ophidia 4 (2): 2-17 - get paper here
  • Machado, Taís, Vinícius X. Silva & Maria José de J. Silva 2013. Phylogenetic relationships within Bothrops neuwiedi group (Serpentes, Squamata): Geographically highly-structured lineages, evidence of introgressive hybridization and Neogene/Quaternary diversification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 1-14 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Medeiros-Magalhães, Felipe de; Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Taís Borges Costa, Flora Acuña Juncá, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, David Lucas Röhr, Willianilson Pessoa da Silva, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Adrian Antonio Garda 2015. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga IV: Chapada Diamantina National Park, Bahia, Brazil Herpetology Notes 8: 243-261 - get paper here
  • Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586 - get paper here
  • Reis, Paulo Maurício A. G., Rafael D. F. Coehlo, Luciano M. N. Menezes and Leonardo B. Ribeiro. 2015. Contribution to the reproductive biology of Bothrops erythromelas (Squamata: Viperidae) in the semiarid region of Brazil. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 327-331
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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