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Bothrops fonsecai HOGE & BELLUOMINI, 1959

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesFonseca's Lancehead 
SynonymBothrops fonsecai HOGE & BELLUOMINI 1959
Bothrops fonsecai — PETERS et al. 1970: 46
Bothrops fonsecai — WELCH 1994: 33
Bothrops fonsecai — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 261
Rhinocerophis fonsecai — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops fonsecai — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Rhinocerophis fonsecai — WALLACH et al. 2014: 649 
DistributionBrazil (NE Sao Paulo, S Rio de Janeiro, S Minas Gerais)

Type locality: Santo Antonio do Capivary, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: IBSP (= IB) 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous! 
Etymologynamed after Prof. Dr. Flavio da Fonseca, “Chefe do Laboratorio de Parasitolog'Ïa do Instituto Butantan e Professor Catedratico da Escola Paulista de Medicina.” 
References
  • Beolens, ; Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Carrasco, P.A., C.I. Mattoni, G.C. Leynaud, and G.J. Scrocchi. 2012. Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of South American bothropoid pitvipers (Serpentes, Viperidae). Zoologica Scripta 41: 109-124 - get paper here
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Hoge,A.R. & BELLUOMINI,H.E. 1959. Uma nova espécie de Bothrops do Brasil (Serpentes). Mem. Inst. Butantan 28 [1957/1958]: 195-206 - get paper here
  • Junqueira, Á F B; Cozendey, P; Ponté, A; De Sousa, B M; Alves, I & Novelli, I A; 2019. Bothrops fonsecai (Fonseca’s Lancehead) Neonate size Herpetological Review 50 (1): 87-88
  • Manzani, Paulo Roberto;Moreno, Ronilson Agnaldo;Mattar, Miguel Nassif 1997. Geographic Distribution. Bothrops fonsecai. Herpetological Review 28 (4): 210 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Menezes FA, Abegg AD, Silva BR, Franco FL, Feio RN 2018. Composition and natural history of the snakes from the Parque Estadual da Serra do Papagaio, southern Minas Gerais, Serra da Mantiqueira, Brazil. ZooKeys 797: 117-160 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Roncolatto-Ortiz, Flora; Herbert Serafim, Angelita Pereira Rodrigues, Arthur Diesel Abegg, Francisco Luis Franco 2017. Snakes from Municipality of São José do Barreiro, State of São Paulo, Brazil Herpetology Notes 10: 479-486 - get paper here
  • Salomão, M.G., W. Wüster, R.S. Thorpe & BBBSP 1999. MtDNA phylogeny of Neotropical pitvipers of the genus Bothrops (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 127-134
  • Stuginski, Daniel Rodrigues; Guilherme Fernandes Mendes, Sávio Stefanini Sant'Anna, Diego Terenciano Rubio, Samira Emanuela Maria Vieira, Leonardo Pessoa Cabus Oitaven, Kathleen Fernandes Grego 2017. Sexual Differences in Growth Rates of Juveniles from a Litter of Bothrops fonsecai: The Role of Feeding Conversion in a Female-Biased SSD Species South American Journal of Herpetology Dec 2017, Vol. 12, No. 3: 193-199. - get paper here
  • Tashima, Alexandre K;.Libia Sanz; Antonio C.M. Camargo; Solange M.T. Serrano; Juan J. Calvete 2008. Snake venomics of the Brazilian pitvipers Bothrops cotiara and Bothrops fonsecai. Identification of taxonomy markers. J Proteomics 7 (1): 473 – 485
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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