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Bothrops insularis (AMARAL, 1921)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Golden Lancehead
G: Insel-Lanzenotter 
SynonymLachesis insularis AMARAL 1921: 18
Bothrops insularis — AMARAL 1929: 114
Bothrops insularis — PETERS et al. 1970: 46
Bothrops insularis — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 1989: 202
Bothrops insularis — WELCH 1994: 33
Bothrops insularis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 261
Bothropoides insularis — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops insularis — CARRASCO et al. 2012 
DistributionBrazil (Queimada Grande Island, Sao Paulo)

Type locality: Isla Queimada Grande, São Paulo, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: IB 1.996 
CommentVenomous! 
References
  • Amaral,A. do 1921. Contribuição para conhecimento dos ofídios do Brasil - A. Parte II. Biologia da nova espécie, Lachesis insularis. Anex. Mem. Inst. Butantan 1: 39-44 + plates
  • Amaral,A. do 1921. Contribuicao para o conhecimento dos ofidios do Brazil. Parte i Quatro noves espécies de serpentes brasileires. Anex. Mem. Inst. Butantan 1 (1): 1-37 + plates
  • Amaral,A. do 1930. Contribucao ao conhecimento dos ophidios do Brasil IV. Lista Remissiva dos ophidios do Brasil. Mem. Inst. Butantan 4: 69-125
  • Bovo, Rafael P.; Otavio A. V. Marques, and Denis V. Andrade 2012. When Basking Is Not an Option: Thermoregulation of a Viperid Snake Endemic to a Small Island in the South Atlantic of Brazil Copeia 2012 (3): 408-418. - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Carrasco, P.A., C.I. Mattoni, G.C. Leynaud, and G.J. Scrocchi. 2012. Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of South American bothropoid pitvipers (Serpentes, Viperidae). Zoologica Scripta 41:1–15
  • Duarte, M. R. Puorto, G., Franco, F. L. 1995. A biological survey of the pit viper Bothrops insularis Amaral (Serpentes, Viperidae): An endemic and threatened offshore island snake of southeastern Brazil. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 30 (1):1-13
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Marques, O.A.V.; Martins, M & Sazima, I. 2002. A new insular species of pitviper from Brazil, with comments on evolutionary biology and conservation of the Bothrops jararaca group (Serpentes, Viperidae). Herpetologica 58 (3): 303-312 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Monzel, Markus & Wolfgang Wüster 2008. Neotropische Grubenottern – Evolution, Biogeographie und Ökologie. Draco 8 (33): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586 - get paper here
  • Salomão, M.G., W. Wüster, R.S. Thorpe & BBBSP 1999. MtDNA phylogeny of Neotropical pitvipers of the genus Bothrops (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 127-134
 
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