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Bothrops leucurus WAGLER, 1824

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesWhitetail Lancehead 
SynonymBothrops megaera WAGLER 1824: 50
Bothrops leucurus WAGLER 1824: 57 (?)
Trimeresurus pradoi HOGE 1948
Bothrops pradoi — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 1989: 220
Bothrops leucurus — WELCH 1994: 33
Bothrops pradoi — WELCH 1994: 35
Bothrops leucurus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 265
Bothrops pradoi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 270
Bothrops leucurus — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops leucurus — CARRASCO et al. 2012 
DistributionBrazil (Espirito Santo, Bahia, Sergipe, Alagoas, Pernambuco, Ceará)

pradoi: Brazil (Espirito Santo to S Bahia)

Type locality: Bahía, Brazil. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesLectotype: ZSM 2698/0/2 
CommentVenomous! B. pradoi has been synonymized with B. leucurus by PUORTO et al. (2001). Listed as a synonym of B. leucurus in PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. 
References
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • de Freitas, Marco António and Thaís Figueiredo Santos Silva. 2011. Bothrops leucurus (Bahia lancehead) caudal luring. Herpetological Review 42 (3): 436 - get paper here
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Hoge,A.R. 1948. Notas erpetólogicas. 3. Uma nova expecie de Trimeresurus. Mem. Inst. Butantan 20: 193-202
  • Lira-da-Silva, R.M. 2009. Bothrops leucurus WAGLER 1824 (Serpentes, Viperidae: natural history, venom and envenomation. Gazeta Médica da Bahia 79 (Suppl. 1): 56-65
  • Marques, R., M.S. Tinôco, D. Couto- Ferreira, C.P. Fazolato, H.C. Browne-Ribeiro, M.L.O. Travassos, 2011. Reserva Imbassaí Restinga: inventory of snakes on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (11): 2184–2191 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Morato, S.A.A.; A.M.X. Lima; D.C.P. Staut; R.G. Faria; J.P. Souza-Alves; S.F. Gouveia; M.R.C. Scupin 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Refúgio de Vida Silvestre Mata do Junco, municipality of Capela, state of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 756-762 - get paper here
  • Porto, Marcovan;Teixeira, Dante Martins 1995. Bothrops leucurus Herpetological Review 26 (3): 156 - get paper here
  • Puorto, G., M.G. Salomão, R.D.G. Theakston, R.S. Thorpe, D.A. 2001. Combining mitochondrial DNA sequences and morphological data to infer species boundaries: phylogeography of lanceheaded pitvipers in the Brazilian Atlantic forest, and the status of Bothrops pradoi (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 14(4): 527-538
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Ripa, Dean 1997. Range extension for Bothrops leucurus Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 32 (2): 25-26 - get paper here
  • Salomão, M.G., W. Wüster, R.S. Thorpe & BBBSP 1999. MtDNA phylogeny of Neotropical pitvipers of the genus Bothrops (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 127-134
  • Schäberle, Wolfgang 2008. Schlangenbiss eines Bothrops leucurus (Wagler, 1824) in Bahia, Brasilien. Ophidia 2 (2) - get paper here
  • Silva-Soares, T.; R.B. Ferreira; R.O.L. Salles; C.F.D. Rocha. 2011. Continental, insular and coastal marine reptiles from the municipality of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 290-298 - get paper here
  • Wagler,J. 1824. Serpentum Brasiliensium species novae, ou histoire naturelle des espèces nouvelles de serpens. In: Jean de Spix, Animalia nova sive species novae. [NAtrix bahiensis: 27, Monaco, Typis Franc. Seraph. Hübschmanni, vii + 75 pp.
  • Wüster,W.; Salomão, M.G.; Duckett,G.J.; R.S. Thorpe & BBBSP 1999. Mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of the Bothrops atrox species complex (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 135-144
 
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