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Bothrops leucurus WAGLER, 1824

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesWhitetail Lancehead 
SynonymBothrops megaera WAGLER 1824: 50
Bothrops leucurus WAGLER 1824: 57 (?)
Trimeresurus pradoi HOGE 1948
Bothrops pradoi — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 1989: 220
Bothrops leucurus — WELCH 1994: 33
Bothrops pradoi — WELCH 1994: 35
Bothrops leucurus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 265
Bothrops pradoi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 270
Bothrops leucurus — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops leucurus — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Bothrops leucurus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 117 
DistributionBrazil (Espirito Santo, Bahia, Sergipe, Alagoas, Pernambuco, Ceará, Paraíba)

pradoi: Brazil (Espirito Santo to S Bahia)

Type locality: Bahía, Brazil. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesLectotype: ZSM 2698/0/2 

Synonymy: B. pradoi has been synonymized with B. leucurus by PUORTO et al. (2001). Listed as a synonym of B. leucurus in PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. 
  • Baptista, G. M., R. C. Gonzalez, T. M. De Castro and T. Silva-Sorares 2016. Bothrops leucurus (White-tailed Lancehead) diet. Herpetological Review 47(3): 474-475.
  • Barros, Veronica Alberto; Rojas, Claudio Augusto; Almeida-Santos, Selma Maria 2014. Is rainfall seasonality important for reproductive strategies in viviparous Neotropical pit vipers? A case study with Bothrops leucurus from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. The Herpetological Journal 24 (2): 69-77 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Castro, T. M. and J. C. F. Oliveira 2017. Bothrops leucurus (White-tailed Lancehead) Diet. Herpetological Review 48 (2): 445-446
  • Da Silva, Cristiana Ferreira, Edna Paulino De Alcantara, Herivelto Faustino De Oliveira, Cicera Silvilene Leite Matias and Robson Waldemar Ávila. 2015. Bothrops leucurus (whitetail lancehead) diet. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 637
  • de Freitas, Marco António and Thaís Figueiredo Santos Silva. 2011. Bothrops leucurus (Bahia lancehead) caudal luring. Herpetological Review 42 (3): 436 - get paper here
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Elbano Paschoal de Figueiredo Moraes 2018. Herpetofauna from Serra da Jibóia, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Guarino R. Colli, Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Luiz Trinchão, Daniel Araújo, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França, Renato Gaiga, Pedro Dias 2016. Snakes of Cerrado localities in western Bahia, Brazil. Check List 12 (3): 1896 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Hoge,A.R. 1948. Notas erpetólogicas. 3. Uma nova expecie de Trimeresurus. Mem. Inst. Butantan 20: 193-202 - get paper here
  • Lira-da-Silva, R.M. 2009. Bothrops leucurus WAGLER 1824 (Serpentes, Viperidae: natural history, venom and envenomation. Gazeta Médica da Bahia 79 (Suppl. 1): 56-65
  • Marques, R., M.S. Tinôco, D. Couto- Ferreira, C.P. Fazolato, H.C. Browne-Ribeiro, M.L.O. Travassos, M.A. Dias & J.V.L. Mota 2011. Reserva Imbassaí Restinga: inventory of snakes on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (11): 2184–2191 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Medeiros-Magalhães, Felipe de; Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Taís Borges Costa, Flora Acuña Juncá, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, David Lucas Röhr, Willianilson Pessoa da Silva, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Adrian Antonio Garda 2015. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga IV: Chapada Diamantina National Park, Bahia, Brazil Herpetology Notes 8: 243-261 - get paper here
  • Mesquita, Daniel O.; Brygida C.F. Alves, Carmem K.B. Pedro, Daniel O. Laranjeiras, Francis L.S. Caldas, Isabella M.M.C. Pedrosa, Jefter B. Rodrigues, Leandro O. Drummond, Lucas B.Q. Cavalcanti, Milena Wachlevski, Paulo Nogueira-Costa, Rafaela C. Fran 2018. Herpetofauna in two habitat types (tabuleiros and Stational Semidecidual Forest) in the Reserva Biológica Guaribas, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 455-474
  • Morato, S.A.A.; A.M.X. Lima; D.C.P. Staut; R.G. Faria; J.P. Souza-Alves; S.F. Gouveia; M.R.C. Scupino; R. Gomes; M.J. Silva. 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Refúgio de Vida Silvestre Mata do Junco, municipality of Capela, state of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 756-762 - get paper here
  • Porto, Marcovan;Teixeira, Dante Martins 1995. Bothrops leucurus. Herpetological Review 26 (3): 156 - get paper here
  • Puorto, G., M.G. Salomão, R.D.G. Theakston, R.S. Thorpe, D.A. 2001. Combining mitochondrial DNA sequences and morphological data to infer species boundaries: phylogeography of lanceheaded pitvipers in the Brazilian Atlantic forest, and the status of Bothrops pradoi (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 14(4): 527-538
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Ripa, Dean 1997. Range extension for Bothrops leucurus. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 32 (2): 25-26 - get paper here
  • Salomão, M.G., W. Wüster, R.S. Thorpe & BBBSP 1999. MtDNA phylogeny of Neotropical pitvipers of the genus Bothrops (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 127-134
  • Schäberle, Wolfgang 2008. Schlangenbiss eines Bothrops leucurus (Wagler, 1824) in Bahia, Brasilien. Ophidia 2 (2) - get paper here
  • Silva-Soares, T.; R.B. Ferreira; R.O.L. Salles; C.F.D. Rocha. 2011. Continental, insular and coastal marine reptiles from the municipality of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 290-298 - get paper here
  • Wagler,J. 1824. Serpentum Brasiliensium species novae, ou histoire naturelle des espèces nouvelles de serpens. In: Jean de Spix, Animalia nova sive species novae. [NAtrix bahiensis: 27,. Monaco, Typis Franc. Seraph. Hübschmanni, vii + 75 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wüster,W.; Salomão, M.G.; Duckett,G.J.; R.S. Thorpe & BBBSP 1999. Mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of the Bothrops atrox species complex (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 135-144
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