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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common Names 
SynonymBothrops otavioi BARBO, GRAZZIOTIN, SAZIMA, MARTINS & SAWAYA 2012
Bothrops jararaca — CICCHI et al. 2007:227 (in part)
Bothrops otavioi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 118 
DistributionBrazil (São Paulo)

Type locality: “Trilha da Vitória’’ (23°44’28’’S, 45°01’16’’W; datum = WGS 84; Vitória Island, Ilhabela Archipelago, São Paulo, southeastern Brazil  
TypesHolotype: IBSP 78572 (field number CC58), male, collected 11 August 2010 by F.C. Centeno and T.H. Condez, (Figs. 2–4A). We deposited a tissue sample at the herpetological collection of MZUSP.
Paratypes.—Twenty specimens from the type locality: IBSP 18866–67, males; IBSP 18868, female; IBSP 18870–71, females; IBSP 18872–73, males; IBSP 18874–75, females; IBSP 18876–77, males; IBSP 18879–81, fe- males; IBSP 18882, male, and ZUEC 3551 female, collected March 1960 by A.R. Hoge (Instituto Butantan expedition); MZUSP 3949 female, MZUSP 3951 male; MZUSP 3952 female, and ZUEC 3550 male, collected 14– 28 March 1964 by the Departamento de Zoologia (DZ) expedition. 
CommentConservation: one of the 30 most endangered viper species (Maritz et al. 2016). 
EtymologyEtymology.—The specific epithet otavioi honors our friend and colleague Otavio A. V. Marques, a prominent herpetologist at the Instituto Butantan, for his great contribution to the study of natural history and conserva- tion of Brazilian snakes. We suggest the standard English name ‘‘Vito ́ria’s Lancehead’’ for the new species. 
  • BARBO, FAUSTO E.; JOÃO LUIZ GASPARINI, ANTONIO P. ALMEIDA, HUSSAM ZAHER, FELIPE G. GRAZZIOTIN, RODRIGO B. GUSMÃO, JOSÉ MÁRIO G. FERRARINI & RICARDO J. SAWAYA 2016. Another new and threatened species of lancehead genus Bothrops (Serpentes, Viperidae) from Ilha dos Franceses, Southeastern Brazil Zootaxa 4097 (4): 511–529 - get paper here
  • Barbo, Fausto E; Felipe G Grazziotin, Ivan Sazima, Marcio Martins, and Ricardo J Sawaya 2012. A New and Threatened Insular Species of Lancehead from Southeastern Brazil. Herpetologica 68 (3): 418-429. - get paper here
  • Cicchi, P.J.P., M.A. Sena, D.M. Peccinini-Seale, and M.R. Duarte. 2007. Snakes from coastal islands of State of São Paulo,Southeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica 17:227–240
  • Maritz, Bryan; Johannes Penner, Marcio Martins, Jelka Crnobrnja-Isailović, Stephen Spear, Laura R.V. Alencar, Jesús Sigala-Rodriguez, Kevin Messenger, Rulon W. Clark, Pritpal Soorae, Luca Luiselli, Chris Jenkins, Harry W. Greene 2016. Identifying global priorities for the conservation of vipers Biological Conservation, doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.05.004 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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