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Bothrops pictus (TSCHUDI, 1845)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Desert Lancehead 
SynonymLachesis picta TSCHUDI 1845
Bothrops pictus — COPE 1878: 33
Lachesis pictus — BOULENGER 1896
Bothrops roedingeri MERTENS 1942
Trimeresurus pictus — SCHMIDT & WALKER 1943
Bothrops pictus — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 1989: 217
Bothrops pictus — WELCH 1994: 35
Bothrops pictus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 270
Bothrops roedingeri — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004
Bothrops roedingeri — CHAVEZ & VENEGAS 2007
Jackyhoserea pictus — HOSER 2012
Bothrops pictus — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Bothrops pictus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 118
Bothrops roedingeri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 119 
DistributionPeru (along the pacific coast, elevation up to 1800 m)

Type locality: high mountains of Peru (in error fide SCHMIDT & WALKER 1943), actually “Lima, Peru”.

roedingeri: Peru; Type locality: "Hacienda Huayri" [Huayuri, Peru]  
TypesLectotype: MHNN 6, designated by Schätti, 1986. paralectotype: MHNN 7 (Neuchâtel).
Holotype: SMF 6017 [roedingeri] 

Synonymy: Incertae sedis fide FENWICK et al. 2009. B. roedingeri was synonymized with picturs by CAMPBELL & LAMAR 1992 but regarded as valid species by some later authors, e.g. FENWICK et al. 2009 list roedingeri as valid species but cannot place it into any genus. 
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Campbell,J.A. & Lamar,W.W. 1992. Taxonomic status of miscellaneous Neotropical viperids, with the description of a new genus. Occ. Papers Mus. Texas Tech. Univ. 153: 1-31 - get paper here
  • Carrasco, Paola A.; Leynaud, Gerardo C.; Scrocchi, Gustavo J 2010. Redescription of the southernmost snake species, Bothrops ammodytoides (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae). Amphibia-Reptilia 31: 323-338 - get paper here
  • Chávez, G. & Venegas, P. 2007. Looking for Macanches in the dry forest of Peru. Reptilia (GB) (51): 54-59 - get paper here
  • Chavez, G. & A. P. Mendoza 2011. Überleben im Sand - Eine Exkursion in die peruanische Wüste. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (92): 40-46 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1878. Synopsis of the cold blooded Vertebrata, procured by Prof. James Orton, during his exploration of Peru in 1876-77. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 17: 33-49 [1877] - get paper here
  • Dehling, D. M. & Tello, A. 2012. Bothrops pictus (desert lancehead) and Pseudalsophis elegans (elegant racer) predation. Herpetological Review 43: 656-657 - get paper here
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2012. A new genus of pitviper (Serpentes: Viperidae) from South America. Australasian J. Herpetol. 11: 25-27 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Lehr, E.; Köhler, G. & Streit, B. 2002. Die Herpetofauna von Mittelperu entlang eines Transektes von der pazifischen Küste bis in die Hochanden (Amphibia et Reptilia). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 22 (2): 361-392
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mendoza A, Pérez J, Alvarado E, Barrera D, Castillo E, Fernandez M, Milla J, Olivera D, Ramirez C, Santa Cruz R, Salazar E, Torres-Ccasani G, Aguilar-Puntriano C. 2023. Anfibios y reptiles del departamento de Ica con comentarios sobre su distribución. Revista peruana de biología 30(1): e23425 001- 014 (Marzo 2023)
  • Mertens,R. 1942. Amphibien und Reptilien I. Ausbeute der Hamburger Südperu-Expedition. in: Titschack,E. (ed.), Beiträge zur Fauna Perus, vol. 2. Hamburg, pp. 277-287
  • Schatti, B. 1986. Biblio. Mus. Ville Neuchatel 1986: 98- 108
  • Schmidt, Karl P. & Walker, Warren F. 1943. Peruvian snakes from the University of Arequipa. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Zoology 24 (26): 279-296 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. & WALKER Jr. ,W.F. 1943. Snakes of the Peruvian coastal region. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. nat. Hist., Chicago, 24: 297-327 - get paper here
  • Tschudi,J. J. von 1845. Reptilium conspectum quae in republica Peruana reperiuntur er pleraque observata vel collecta sunt in itenere. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 11 (1): 150-170 [reprint 1968, SSAR; sometimes cited as being published in 1846]. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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