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Brachymeles bicolandia SILER, FUITEN, JONES, ALCALA & BROWN, 2011

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Brachymeles bicolandia »

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Bicol Slender Skink 
SynonymBrachymeles bicolandia SILER, FUITEN, JONES, ALCALA & BROWN 2011 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon: Bicol Peninsula)

Type locality: under rotting coconut husks in secondary-growth forest, in Barangay Common, Municipality of Tabaco City, Albay Province, Luzon Island, Philippines (13°14’N, 123°38’E; WGS-84)  
Reproductionviviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: PNM 9756 (CDS Field No. 4050), formerly KU 324003 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Brachymeles bicolandia can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) body size small (SVL 46.4–66.1 mm), (2) limbs bidactyl, (3) limb length short, (4) supralabials six, (5) infralabials five or six, (6) supraciliaries six, (7) supraoculars five, (8) midbody scale rows 20– 22, (9) axilla–groin scale rows 68–73, (10) paravertebral scale rows 85–90, (11) pineal eye spot present, (12) prefrontals not contact- ing on midline, (13) postnasals absent, (14) enlarged chin shields in three pairs, (15) nuchals enlarged, (16) fourth supralabial below eye midline, (17) mental and first infralabials fused or separated, (18) auricular opening absent, (19) presacral vertebrae 46–49, and (20) uniform body color (Tables 4 and 5 SILER et al. 2011). 
CommentHabitat: semifossorial and typically found in dry, rotting material inside or underneath decaying logs or in loose soil, forest floor detritus, and leaf litter of lowland forest. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is chosen in reference to the biogeographically and culturally distinct Bicol Region of southern Luzon Island (Albay, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Catanduañes and Sorsogon provinces). Inhabited by peaceful and particularly hospitable Bicolanos, the unique central Bicol peninsula is home to many dozens of endemic vertebrates, delicious local cuisine, unique linguistic stock, and rich cultural traditions. 
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Allison M. Fuiten, Robin M. Jones, Angel C. Alcala, and Rafe M. Brown 2011. Phylogeny-Based Species Delimitation in Philippine Slender Skinks (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) II: Taxonomic Revision of Brachymeles samarensis and Description of Five New Species. Herpetological Monographs 25 (1): 76-112 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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