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Brachymeles boholensis BROWN & RABOR, 1967

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Bohol Short-legged Skink 
SynonymBrachymeles gracilis boholensis BROWN & RABOR 1967: 540
Brachymeles gracilis — BROWN & ALCALA 1970 (part)
Brachymeles boulengeri boholensis BROWN & ALCALA 1980
Brachymeles boulengeri boholensis — SILER et al. 2009
Brachymeles boholensis — SILER et al. 2010
Brachymeles boholensis — SILER et al. 2011 
DistributionPhilippines (Bohol Island)

Type locality: 6 km S of Municipality of Sierra Bullones: Teachers Park, 400–433-m elevation, 9° 47’ 32.53’’ N, 124° 18’ 14.4’’ E.  
Reproductionviviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: CAS-SUR 24528 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Brachymeles boholensis can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) body size moderate (SVL 83.8–93.6 mm); (2) limbs pentadactyl; (3) Finger-III lamellae six; (4) Toe-IV lamellae nine or 10; (5) limb length moderate; (6) supralabials seven; (7) infra- labials seven; (8) pineal eye spot present; (9) supranasals not contacting on midline; (10) prefrontals not contacting on midline; (11) enlarged chin shields in three pairs; (12) nuchal scales undifferentiated; (13) fifth and sixth supralabial below eye; (14) auricular opening present; (15) continuous, light, dorsolateral stripes present; and (16) continuous, dark middorsal stripes present (Tables 4 and 5 in SILER & BROWN 2010). 

Habitat: semifossorial and typically found in dry, rotting material inside or underneath decaying logs or in loose soil, forest floor detritus, and leaf litter of lowland forest. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Brown WC & RABOR DS 1967. Review of the genus Brachymeles (Sauria), with descriptions of new species and subspecies. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 34: 525-548 - get paper here
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Siler, Cameron D. and Rafe M. Brown 2010. Phylogeny-based Species Delimitation in Philippine Slender Skinks (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae: Brachymeles): Taxonomic Revision of Pentadactyl Species Groups and Description of Three New Species. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 1-54 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Angel C. Alcala and Rafe M. Brown 2011. Phylogeny of Philippine slender skinks (Scincidae: Brachymeles) reveals underestimated species diversity, complex biogeographical relationships, and cryptic patterns of lineage diversification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (1): 53-65 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Edmond L. Rico, Mariano R. Duya, and Rafe M. Brown 2009. A NEW LIMB-REDUCED, LOAM-SWIMMING SKINK (SQUAMATA: SCINCIDAE: BRACHYMELES) FROM CENTRAL LUZON ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 65 (4): 449 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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