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Brachymeles boulengeri TAYLOR, 1922

IUCN Red List - Brachymeles boulengeri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Boulenger's Short-legged Skink 
SynonymBrachymeles boulengeri TAYLOR 1922: 246
Brachymeles gracilis boulengeri — BROWN & RABOR 1967: 537
Brachymeles boulengeri boulengeri — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 40
Brachymeles boulengeri boulengeri — SILER et al. 2009
Brachymeles boulengeri — SILER et al. 2010 
DistributionPhilippines (Panay, Visayas, Mindoro, Luzon, Polillo, Bohol). Type locality: Polillo I., P. I. Coll., E. H. Taylor, July 15, 1920.

Neotype locality: fallen, rotting log in secondary growth forest (1000 to 1230 h) in Barangay Pinaglubayan, Municipality of Polillo, Quezon Province, Polillo Island, Philippines (14° 45’ 09’’ N, 121° 58’ 06’’ E; WGS-84.  
TypesNeotype: PNM 9720 (RMB Field No. 5647, formerly KU 307756), adult male, collected by RMB, J. Fernandez, Y. Vicente, and M. Vicente.
Holotype: Originally EHT, No. 205 [probably not in existence fide BROWN & RABOR 1967: 537] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Brachymeles boulengeri can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) body size moderate (SVL 60.5–93.1 mm); (2) pentadactyl; (3) Finger-III lamellae five or six; (4) Toe IV lamellae nine or 10; (5) moderate limb length; (6) supralabials six or seven; (7) infralabials seven; (8) pineal eye spot present; (9) supranasals not contacting on midline; (10) prefrontals not contacting on midline; (11) midline contact of first pair of chin shields; (12) enlarged chin shields in two pairs; (13) nuchal scales undifferentiated; (14) fourth and fifth supralabial below eye; (15) auricular opening present; (16) continuous, light dorsolateral stripes present; and (17) middorsal stripes absent [from SILER & BROWN 2010].
CommentPentadactyl species. See also B. gracilis.

Subspecies: Brachymeles boulengeri boholensis BROWN & RABOR 1967, Brachymeles boulengeri mindorensis BROWN & RABOR 1967, and Brachymeles boulengeri taylori BROWN 1956 have been elevated to full species status.

For further comparison see SILER & BROWN 2010.

Habitat: semifossorial and typically found in dry, rotting material inside or underneath decaying logs or in loose soil, forest floor detritus, and leaf litter of lowland forest. 
EtymologyNamed after George Albert Boulenger (1858-1937), herpetologist at the British Museum of Natural History, London. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Brown WC & RABOR DS 1967. Review of the genus Brachymeles (Sauria), with descriptions of new species and subspecies. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 34: 525-548 - get paper here
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Ferner, John W., Rafe M. Brown, Rogelio V. Sison and Robert S. Kennedy 2000. The amphibians and reptiles of Panay Island, Philippines. Asiatic Herpetological Research 9: 1-37 - get paper here
  • Gojo-Cruz, Paul Henric P. and Leticia E. Afuang 2018. The Zoogeographic Significance of Caraballo Mountain Range, Luzon Island, Philippines With Focus on the Biogeography of Luzon’s Herpetofauna. Philippine Journal of Science 147 (3): 393-409 - get paper here
  • Gojo-Cruz, Paul Henric P. et al. 2016. Diversity and distribution of herpetofauna in Balesin Island, Polillo, Quezon, Philippines. Sylvatrop, The Technical Journal of Philippine Ecosystems and Natural Resources 25 (1 & 2): 37 - 56 - get paper here
  • Lagat, Ronaldo D. and Rubie M. Causaren 2019. Initial terrestrial vertebrate diversity assessment in upland Cavite, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology 12 (2): 70-91 - get paper here
  • MCLEOD, David S.; Cameron D. SILER, Arvin C. DIESMOS, Mae L. DIESMOS, Vhon S. GARCIA, Angela O. ARKONCEO, Kelvin L. BALAQUIT, Charlene C. UY, Mariden M. VILLASERAN, Earle C. YARRA, Rafe M. BROWN 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island, V: The Herpetofauna of Angat Dam Watershed, Bulacan Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (4): 177–198 - get paper here
  • Siler, C.D.; L.J. Welton; J.M. Siler; J. Brown; A. Bucol; A.C. Diesmos; R. Brown. 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles, Luzon Island, Aurora Province and Aurora Memorial National Park, Northern Philippines: New island distribution records. Check List 7 (2):182-195 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D. and Rafe M. Brown 2010. Phylogeny-based Species Delimitation in Philippine Slender Skinks (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae: Brachymeles): Taxonomic Revision of Pentadactyl Species Groups and Description of Three New Species. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 1-54 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2010. New Loam-Swimming Skink, Genus Brachymeles (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) from Luzon and Catanduanes Islands, Philippines. Journal of Herpetology 44 (1): 49–60 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Angel C. Alcala and Rafe M. Brown 2011. Phylogeny of Philippine slender skinks (Scincidae: Brachymeles) reveals underestimated species diversity, complex biogeographical relationships, and cryptic patterns of lineage diversification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (1): 53-65 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Edmond L. Rico, Mariano R. Duya, and Rafe M. Brown 2009. A NEW LIMB-REDUCED, LOAM-SWIMMING SKINK (SQUAMATA: SCINCIDAE: BRACHYMELES) FROM CENTRAL LUZON ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 65 (4): 449 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The lizards of the Philippine Islands. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Science, Government of the Philippine Islands, Manila, Publication no. 17: 269 pp. - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1944. Present location of certain herpetological and other type specimens. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 30 (1): 117-187. - get paper here
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