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Brachymeles kadwa SILER & BROWN, 2010

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Jessi’s slender skink 
SynonymBrachymeles kadwa SILER & BROWN 2010 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon Island, Calayan and Camiguin Norte Islands of the Babuyan Island group)

Type locality: campus of Aurora State College of Technology, Barangay Zabali, Municipality of Baler, Aurora Province, Luzon Island, Philippines (15° 44’ 31’’ N, 121° 34’ 34’’ E; WGS- 84.  
TypesHolotype: PNM 9721 (RMB Field No. 12466, formerly KU 323091), adult male, collected under rotting logs in secondary-growth forest (1000 to 1230 h) on 4 June 2009, by CDS, RMB, J. Fernandez, L. Welton, J. Brown, J. Siler, Y. Vicente, and M. Vicente. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Brachymeles kadwa can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) body size large (SVL 90.6–128.2 mm); (2) pentadactyl; (3) Finger-III lamellae five or six; (4) Toe-IV lamellae 7–10; (5) limbs relatively long; (6) paravertebrals 68–70; (7) supralabials seven; (8) infralabials six; (9) pineal eye spot present, small; (10) supranasals in contact; (11) pre- frontals not contacting on midline; (12) enlarged chin shields in two pairs; (13) nuchal scales undifferentiated; (14) fifth and sixth supralabial below eye; (15) auricular opening present; (16) continuous, light dorsolateral stripes present, indistinct; (17) continuous, dark middorsal stripes present; (18) dark lateral stripes present; and (19) dark ventral pigmentation present (Tables 4 and 5 in SILER & BROWN 2010). 

For further comparison see SILER & BROWN 2010.

Habitat: semifossorial and typically found in dry, rotting material inside or underneath decaying logs or in loose soil, forest floor detritus, and leaf litter of lowland forest. 
Etymology“CDS is pleased to name this new species for his loving wife Jessi M. Siler for her endless support that has made all of this research possible. The name of the new species is derived from one of the local dialects spoken in the Philippines. The word ‘‘kadwa’’ is the Ilonggo term for friend and companion.” 
  • Brown, R.M.; C.H. Oliveros; C.D. Siler; J.B. Fernandez; L.J. Welton; P.A.C. Buenavente; M.L.L. Diesmos; A.C. Diesmos 2012. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island (Philippines), VII: Herpetofauna of Ilocos Norte Province, Northern Cordillera Mountain Range. Check List 8(3):469-490 - get paper here
  • Brown; Rafe; Cameron Siler, Carl Oliveros, Luke Welton, Ashley Rock, John Swab, Merlijn Van Weerd, Jonah van Beijnen, Dominic Rodriguez, Edmund Jose, Arvin Diesmos 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines, VIII: the herpetofauna of Cagayan and Isabela Provinces, northern Sierra Madre Mountain Range. ZooKeys 266 (2013) Special Issue: 1-120<br />doi: 10.3897/zookeys.266.3982 - get paper here
  • Gojo-Cruz, Paul Henric P. and Leticia E. Afuang 2018. The Zoogeographic Significance of Caraballo Mountain Range, Luzon Island, Philippines With Focus on the Biogeography of Luzon’s Herpetofauna. Philippine Journal of Science 147 (3): 393-409 - get paper here
  • Lagat, Ronaldo D. and Rubie M. Causaren 2019. Initial terrestrial vertebrate diversity assessment in upland Cavite, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology 12 (2): 70-91 - get paper here
  • Siler, C.D.; L.J. Welton; J.M. Siler; J. Brown; A. Bucol; A.C. Diesmos; R. Brown. 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles, Luzon Island, Aurora Province and Aurora Memorial National Park, Northern Philippines: New island distribution records. Check List 7 (2):182-195 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D. and Rafe M. Brown 2010. Phylogeny-based Species Delimitation in Philippine Slender Skinks (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae: Brachymeles): Taxonomic Revision of Pentadactyl Species Groups and Description of Three New Species. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 1-54 - get paper here
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