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Brachymeles libayani SILER, FUITEN, JONES, ALCALA & BROWN, 2011

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Lapinig Islands’ Slender Skink 
SynonymBrachymeles libayani SILER, FUITEN, JONES, ALCALA & BROWN 2011 
DistributionPhilippines (Lapinig Chico, Lapinig Grande, Tilmubo, and Tintiman islands, Polong Dako Island)

Type locality: under rotting coconut husks in secondary-growth forest, in Barangay Villa Milagrosa, Municipality of President Carlos P. Garcia, Bohol Province, Lapinig Grande Island, Philippines (10°07’16’’N, 124°34’30’’E; WGS-84).  
Reproductionviviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: PNM 9749, formerly KU 320466 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Brachymeles libayani can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) body size small (SVL 52.7–66.1 mm), (2) limbs tridactyl, (3) limb length short, (4) supralabials six, (5) infralabials five, (6) supraciliaries six, (7) supraoculars five, (8) midbody scale rows 22–23, (9) axilla–groin scale rows 72–75, (10) paravertebral scale rows 90–92, (11) pineal eye spot present, (12) frontoparietals contact, (13) enlarged chin shields in three pairs, (14) nuchal scales differentiated, (15) fourth su- pralabial below eye midline, (16) auricular opening covered with scales, (17) presacral vertebrae 47, (18) fusion of mental and first infralabials, and (19) nonuniform body color (Tables 4 and 5 in SILER et al. 2011). 
CommentHabitat: semifossorial and typically found in dry, rotting material inside or underneath decaying logs or in loose soil, forest floor detritus, and leaf litter of lowland forest. 
Etymology“We are pleased to name this new species in honor of Carlos Polestico Garcia. Born on Bohol Island, Carlos P. Garcia later became the eighth President of the Philippines. He was the first Philippine president to be laid to rest in the Libingan ng mga Bayani, or Cemetery of the Heroes, located within Fort Bonifacio in Manila, Philippines. The municipality of Carlos P. Garcia, and type locality for Brachymeles libayani, was named after this Philippine hero. The word ‘‘libayani’’ is derived from the phrase Libingan ng mga Bayani.” [SILER et al. 2011]. 
  • Davis, Drew R.; Kathryn D. Feller, Rafe M. Brown, and Cameron D. Siler 2014. Evaluating the Diversity of Philippine Slender Skinks of the Brachymeles bonitae Complex (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae): Redescription of B. tridactylus and Descriptions of Two New Species. Journal of Herpetology 48 (4): 480-494. - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Allison M. Fuiten, Robin M. Jones, Angel C. Alcala, and Rafe M. Brown 2011. Phylogeny-Based Species Delimitation in Philippine Slender Skinks (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) II: Taxonomic Revision of Brachymeles samarensis and Description of Five New Species. Herpetological Monographs 25 (1): 76-112 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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