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Brachymeles lukbani SILER, BALETE, DIESMOS & BROWN, 2010

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymBrachymeles lukbani SILER, BALETE, DIESMOS & BROWN 2010 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon)

Type locality: Philippines, Mt. Labo, Barangay Tulay Na Lupa, Municipality of Labo, Camarines Norte Province, Luzon Island, 14.039367°N, 122.78655°E (WGS-84), 660 m elevation.  
Reproductionviviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: PNM 9567 (field no. RMB 9664, formerly KU 313599; Fig. 2), adult female, 1800 hr, 22 June 2008, C. D. Siler, R. M. Brown, J. Phenix, L. Welton, J. B. Fernandez, V. Yngente, and M. Yngente.
Paratopotypes.—KU 313597–99, 313601, 313603–04, 313606, 313608, PNM 9589–92 (formerly KU 313605, 313600, 313602, and 313596, respectively), including eight adult females, one adult male, and three juveniles of unknown sex, 21 June–4 July 2008, 200–1000 m elevation; FMNH 270191, adult male, 21 April–11 May 2006, 1115 m elevation, same locality, Danny S. Balete. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Brachymeles lukbani can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: body form long, slender; limbless; midbody scale rows 21–23; paravertebral scale rows 100–106; infralabial scales six; supraciliary scales six; supraocular scales five; pineal eye spot; contact between frontoparietal scales; postmental scale width equal to mental scale width; contact between the first pair of chin shield scales; non-fusion of mental and first infralabial scales; enlarged, differentiated nuchal scales; continuous subocular scale row; third pair of enlarged chin shields; and uniform body coloration. 
CommentHabitat: semi-fossorial in rotten logs and in the loose soil and leaf litter.

Habitat: semifossorial and typically found in dry, rotting material inside or underneath decaying logs or in loose soil, forest floor detritus, and leaf litter of lowland forest.

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe new species is named in honor of Vicente R. Lukban (11 February 1860–16 November 1916), whose role in directing military operations for the Philippine army was instrumental in helping to win Philippine independence. He would later become a general in charge of the political and military operations in Samar and Leyte Island. General Lukban was born in the Municiapality of Labo, Camarines Norte Province, close to the type locality of the new species. Suggested common name: Lukban’s Loamswimming Skink. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bergmann, Philip J; Sara D W Mann, Gen Morinaga, Elyse S Freitas, Cameron D Siler 2020. Convergent evolution of elongate forms in craniates and of locomotion in elongate squamate reptiles. Integrative and Comparative Biology, icaa015, - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Siler, C. D.; D.S. Balete; A. C. Diesmos and R. M. Brown 2010. A New Legless Loam-swimming Lizard (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae: Genus Brachymeles) from the Bicol Peninsula, Luzon Island, Philippines. Copeia 2010 (1): 114–122 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Angel C. Alcala and Rafe M. Brown 2011. Phylogeny of Philippine slender skinks (Scincidae: Brachymeles) reveals underestimated species diversity, complex biogeographical relationships, and cryptic patterns of lineage diversification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (1): 53-65 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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