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Brachymeles orientalis BROWN & RABOR, 1967

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSouthern Burrowing Skink 
SynonymBrachymeles schadenbergi orientalis BROWN & RABOR 1967
Brachymeles schadenbergi orientalis — SILER et al. 2009
Brachymeles orientalis — SILER et al. 2010
Brachymeles orientalis — SILER et al. 2011 
DistributionPhilippines (Bohol, Mindanao, Samar, Leyte, Dinagat, Camiguin Sur islands)

Type locality: Bario Dusita, 11 km southeast of Sierra Bullones, Bohol Province, Bohol Island, Philippines, 533 m elevation, 9° 46’ 57.5’’ N, 124° 18’ 10.8’’ E.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: CAS-SU 24436 
DiagnosisDiagnosis.—Brachymeles orientalis can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) body large (SVL 97.6–112.3 mm); (2) pentadactyl; (3) Finger-III lamellae six or seven; (4) Toe-IV lamellae 8–10; (5) limbs relatively long; (6) supralabials six or seven; (7) infralabials six or seven; (8) pineal eye spot present; (9) supranasal contact absent; (10) prefrontals not contacting on midline; (11) enlarged chin shields in two pairs; (12) nuchal scales undifferentiated; (13) fourth and fifth supra- labial below eye; (14) auricular opening present; (15) dorsolateral stripes absent; and (16) middorsal stripes absent (Tables 4 and 5 in SILER & BROWN 2010).

For further comparison see SILER & BROWN 2010. 
CommentPentadactyl species.


Habitat: semifossorial and typically found in dry, rotting material inside or underneath decaying logs or in loose soil, forest floor detritus, and leaf litter of lowland forest. 
Etymology 
References
  • Brown WC & RABOR DS 1967. Review of the genus Brachymeles (Sauria), with descriptions of new species and subspecies. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 34: 525-548 - get paper here
  • Brown, Walter C. 1956. A revision of the genus Brachymeles (Scincidae), with descriptions of new species and subspecies. Breviora (54): 1-19 - get paper here
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Fischer, J. G. 1885. Ichthyologische und herpetologische Bemerkungen. V. Herpetologische Bemerkungen. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 2: 82-121 - get paper here
  • Sanguila MB, Cobb KA, Siler CD, Diesmos AC, Alcala AC, Brown RM 2016. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindanao Island, southern Philippines, II: the herpetofauna of northeast Mindanao and adjacent islands. ZooKeys 624: 1–132, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.624.9814 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D. and Rafe M. Brown 2010. Phylogeny-based Species Delimitation in Philippine Slender Skinks (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae: Brachymeles): Taxonomic Revision of Pentadactyl Species Groups and Description of Three New Species. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 1-54 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2010. New Loam-Swimming Skink, Genus Brachymeles (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) from Luzon and Catanduanes Islands, Philippines. Journal of Herpetology 44 (1): 49–60 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Angel C. Alcala and Rafe M. Brown 2011. Phylogeny of Philippine slender skinks (Scincidae: Brachymeles) reveals underestimated species diversity, complex biogeographical relationships, and cryptic patterns of lineage diversification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (1): 53-65 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Edmond L. Rico, Mariano R. Duya, and Rafe M. Brown 2009. A NEW LIMB-REDUCED, LOAM-SWIMMING SKINK (SQUAMATA: SCINCIDAE: BRACHYMELES) FROM CENTRAL LUZON ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 65 (4): 449 - get paper here
 
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