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Brachymeles schadenbergi (FISCHER, 1885)

IUCN Red List - Brachymeles schadenbergi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Schadenberg’s Burrowing Skink 
SynonymEumeces (Riopa) schadenbergi FISCHER 1885: 87
Brachymeles schadenbergi — BOETTGER 1886 (part)
Brachymeles schadenbergi — TAYLOR 1917: 268
Brachymeles schadenbergi — TAYLOR 1922
Brachymeles schadenbergi schadenbergi — BROWN & RABOR 1967
Brachymeles schadenbergi — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 49
Brachymeles schadenbergi — SILER et al. 2010 
DistributionPhilippines (Sulu Archipelago, Zamboanga Peninsula, SC Mindanao, Basilan, Camiguin Sur)

Type locality: Southern Mindanao Island.  
TypesHolotype: MTD = Dresden Museum (= MTKD) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Brachymeles schadenbergi can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) body large (SVL 93.1–115.8 mm); (2) pentadactyl; (3) Finger-III lamellae five or six; (4) Toe-IV lamellae eight or nine; (5) limbs relatively long; (6) supralabials six or seven; (7) infralabials six or seven; (8) pineal eye spot present; (9) supranasals in contact; (10) prefrontals not contacting on midline; (11) enlarged chin shields in two pairs; (12) nuchal scales undifferentiated; (13) fifth and sixth supralabial below eye; (14) auricular opening present; and (15) continuous, light dorsolateral stripes absent (Tables 4 and 5 in SILER & BROWN 2010). 
CommentPentadactyl species.

Brachymeles schadenbergi orientalis BROWN & RABOR 1967 has been elevated to full species status.

For further comparison see SILER & BROWN 2010.

Habitat: semifossorial and typically found in dry, rotting material inside or underneath decaying logs or in loose soil, forest floor detritus, and leaf litter of lowland forest. 
EtymologyNamed after Alexander Schadenberg (1851-1896), a German chemist who went to the Philippines to join a wholesale pharmaceutical company. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Brown WC & RABOR DS 1967. Review of the genus Brachymeles (Sauria), with descriptions of new species and subspecies. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 34: 525-548 - get paper here
  • Brown, Walter C. 1956. A revision of the genus Brachymeles (Scincidae), with descriptions of new species and subspecies. Breviora (54): 1-19 - get paper here
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Fischer, J. G. 1885. Ichthyologische und herpetologische Bemerkungen. V. Herpetologische Bemerkungen. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 2: 82-121 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D. and Rafe M. Brown 2010. Phylogeny-based Species Delimitation in Philippine Slender Skinks (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae: Brachymeles): Taxonomic Revision of Pentadactyl Species Groups and Description of Three New Species. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 1-54 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2010. New Loam-Swimming Skink, Genus Brachymeles (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) from Luzon and Catanduanes Islands, Philippines. Journal of Herpetology 44 (1): 49–60 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Angel C. Alcala and Rafe M. Brown 2011. Phylogeny of Philippine slender skinks (Scincidae: Brachymeles) reveals underestimated species diversity, complex biogeographical relationships, and cryptic patterns of lineage diversification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (1): 53-65 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Edmond L. Rico, Mariano R. Duya, and Rafe M. Brown 2009. A NEW LIMB-REDUCED, LOAM-SWIMMING SKINK (SQUAMATA: SCINCIDAE: BRACHYMELES) FROM CENTRAL LUZON ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 65 (4): 449 - get paper here
  • Stokely, Paul Scott 1947. Limblessness and correlated changes in the girdles of a comparative morphological series of lizards. American Midland Naturalist 38 (3): 725-754 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The lizards of the Philippine Islands. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Science, Government of the Philippine Islands, Manila, Publication no. 17: 269 pp. - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1917. Brachymeles, a genus of Philippine lizards. Philippine Journal of Science 12: 267-279 - get paper here
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