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Brachyurophis australis (KREFFT, 1864)

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesEastern Shovel-nosed Snake, Coral Snake, Australian Coral Snake 
SynonymSimotes australis KREFFT 1864: 180
Simotes australis KREFFT 1865: 66
Brachyurophis australis — GÜNTHER 1865
Rhynchelaps australis — BOULENGER 1896
Simoselaps australis — COGGER 1975
Simoselaps australis — COGGER 1983: 235
Austrelaps australis
Simoselaps australis — WELCH 1994: 107
Simoselaps australis — COGGER 2000: 682
Brachyurophis australis — GREER 2006 (online)
Brachyurophis australis — SANDERS et al. 2008
Brachyurophis australis — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 458
Brachyurophis australis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 125 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria)

Type locality: Port Curtis, Qld. and Clarence River, N. SW. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: 2 specimens, not found 
CommentVenomous!

Habitat: burrowing 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Krefft, G. 1864. Descriptions of three new species of Australian snakes. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 180-182 - get paper here
  • Krefft, G. 1865. Description of three new species of Australian snakes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 15: 66-68 - get paper here
  • Longman, H. A. 1916. Snakes and lizards from Queensland and the Northern Territory. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 5: 46-51
  • Mackay, R. 1949. The Australian coral snake. Proc. R. Zool. Soc. N. S. W. 1947-48: 36-37
  • Sanders, K.L. et al. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and divergence dates for Australasian elapids and sea snakes (Hydrophiinae): evidence from seven genes for rapid evolutionary radiations. J. Evol. Biol. 21: 682 – 695
  • Thomson, D. F. 1934. A new snake from north Queensland. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1934: 529-531
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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