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Brachyurophis semifasciatus GÜNTHER, 1863

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesBrachyurophis semifasciatus campbelli (KINGHORN 1929)
Brachyurophis semifasciatus semifasciatus (GÜNTHER 1863)
Brachyurophis semifasciatus woodjonesii (THOMSON 1934) 
Common NamesSouthern Shovel-nosed Snake, Half-girdled Snake
woodjonesii: Cape York Shovel-nosed Snake 
SynonymBrachyurophis semifasciatus GÜNTHER 1863: 21
Pseudoelaps rhinostomus JAN & SORDELLI 1873
Vermicella semifasciata STORR 1968 (?)
Simoselaps semifasciatus — COGGER 1983: 236
Simoselaps semifasciatus — WELCH 1994: 109
Simoselaps semifasciatus — COGGER 2000: 687
Brachyurophis semifasciatus — GREER 2006 (online)
Brachyurophis semifasciatus — SANDERS et al. 2008
Brachyurophis semifasciatus — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 460
Brachyurophis semifasciatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 125
Brachyurophis semifasciatus — COGGER 2014: 869

Brachyurophis semifasciatus campbelli (KINGHORN 1929)
Rhynchoelaps campbelli KINGHORN 1929: 191
Brachyurophis campbelli MINTON et al. 1970
Brachyurophis campbelli — COGGER 2014: 866

Brachyurophis semifasciatus woodjonesii (THOMSON 1934)
Rhynchelaps woodjonesii THOMSON 1934: 529
Brachyurophis woodjonesii — MINTON et al. 1970 
DistributionAustralia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, N/EC Queensland)

semifasciatus: S West Australia and South Australia.

campbelli: NE Queensland; Type locality: Almaden, Queensland Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.19.10-11, from Baranquilla, New Granada (in error); corrected to 'West Australia (?)", see Boulenger (1896).
Holotype: originally in RMNH, not found, from "Southwestern Australia" [Pseudoelaps rhinostomus].
Holotype: AM R9387, from Almaden, Qld. [Rhynchoelaps campbelli].
Holotype: NMV (D. F. Thomson Coll. No. 69), from Lower Archer River, Gulf of Carpentaria, Qld. [Rhynchelaps woodjonesii]. 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983. Simoselaps semifasciatus woodjonesii is not listed by COGGER 2000.

Subspecies: Simoselaps semifasciatus roperi is listed as valid species by COGGER 2000.

Venomous!

Habitat: burrowing

Type species: Brachyurophis semifasciatus GÜNTHER 1863: 21 is the type species of the genus Brachyurophis GÜNTHER 1863. 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Günther,A. 1863. On new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 11: 20-25 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. & Sordelli, F. 1873. Iconographie Générale des Ophidiens. Atlas 1860-1881. Milan: Jan & Sordelli, 50 livr. - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J.R. 1929. Two new snakes from Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 17 (4): 190 - 191 - get paper here
  • Sanders, K.L. et al. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and divergence dates for Australasian elapids and sea snakes (Hydrophiinae): evidence from seven genes for rapid evolutionary radiations. J. Evol. Biol. 21: 682 – 695
  • Thomson, D. F. 1934. A new snake from north Queensland. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1934: 529-531
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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