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Bronchocela cristatella (KUHL, 1820)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae, Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Green crested lizard
G: Borneo-Langschwanzagame, Borneo-Schönechse, Blutsaugeragame 
SynonymAgama cristatella KUHL 1820: 108
Agama gutturosa MERREM 1820
Bronchocela cristatella — KAUP 1827: 619
Agama moluccana LESSON 1830
Bronchocela cristatella — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 395
Pseudocalotes archiducissae FITZINGER 1860 (nom. nud. fide SMITH 1935)
Calotes (Bronchocele) philippinus PETERS 1867: 16 (part.)
Bronchocela burmana BLANFORD 1878: 127
Bronchocela intermedia PETERS & DORIA 1878: 375
Calotes cristatellus — BOULENGER 1885: 316
Calotes cristatellus — FLOWER 1899
Calotes octospinosus BAUMANN 1913
Calotes cristatellus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 121
Calotes cristatellus — SMITH 1935: 184
Calotes cristatellus moluccanus — BRONGERSMA 1948: 489
Calotes cristatellus — TAYLOR 1963: 886
Calotes cristatellus — HENDRICKSON 1966: 64
Bronchocela cristatella — MANTHEY 1983: 25
Bronchocela petersdoriai BÖHME & BISCHOFF 1984 (nom. nov. pro B. intermedia)
Calotes cristatellus — BONG HEANG 1987
Calotes cristatellus — BROWN et al. 1996
Bronchocela cristatella — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 160
Bronchocela cristatella — COX et al. 1998: 98
Bronchocela cristatella — GAULKE 1999
Bronchocela christatella — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999 (in error)
Bronchocela cf. cristatella — GAULKE 2001
Bronchocela cristatella — BARTS & WILMS 2003 
DistributionMalaysia (Pulau Tioman, Pulau Langkawi, Pulau Singa Besar, Johor: Pulau Sibu, Borneo),
S Myanmar (= Burma) (Tenasserim), S Thailand, W Malaysia, Singapore, India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands), Philippines (Palawan, Calamian Islands, Panay, Luzon, Mindanao, Sulu, Cebu, Bohol, Leyte, Negros, Samar, Mindoro, Masbate), Indonesia (Halmahera etc.), New Guinea

Type locality: not given by KUHL.

Type locality: “Kandari nel S.E. di Selebes” [= Kendari, Sulawesi, Indonesia] [Bronchocela intermedia PETERS & DORIA 1878]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: MSNG 29109 [Bronchocela intermedia PETERS & DORIA 1878] 
CommentDistribution: According to SMITH 1935 not on New Guinea.

Type species: Agama cristatella KUHL 1820 is the type species of the genus Bronchocela KAUP 1827: 619.

Bronchocela intermedia PETERS & DORIA 1878 is a junior homonym of B. intermedia BERTHOLD 1842.

The Bronchocela cristatella mentoned in ter Borg (2005) is probably B. jubata (ter Borg 2007).

Diagnosis. A variable species of 70.8 - 114.0 mm SVL (in examined material, mean = 88.77, n = 64, maximal SVL 120 mm; Diong and Lim, 1998) and a long tail ratio = 295 - 394 (336.02, n = 50). 8 - 10 supralabials and 7 - 12 infralabials. Tympanum large, more than half diameter of orbit, often dusky colored. Canthus rostralis sharp, a series of 3 - 5 small erect, compressed scales behind supraciliary edge forming a small longitudinal crest. No enlarged scales between tympanum and eye. Gular sac small in males and sometimes absent in females, covered with small keeled scales, smaller than ventrals. Nuchal crest scales small, erect, flattened and directed upwards, longest shorter than diameter of orbit. Dorsal crest formed as a serrated ridge continues nuchal crest or absent. Body scales mucronate, keeled, homogenous in 53 - 95 midbody scales (mean = 71.58, n = 55), 4 - 10 uppermost scale row next to dorsal crest pointing upward, 0 - 4 rows directed parallel, others scale rows downwards. Ventrals 1 - 5 times larger than dorsals, strongly keeled. It can be distinguished from other congeners by combination of short nuchal crest, 4 - 10 upper scale rows pointing upwards and 10 - 12 ventral scale rows. 
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