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Bungarus bungaroides (CANTOR, 1839)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesNortheastern Hill Krait 
SynonymElaps bungaroides CANTOR 1839
Xenurelaps bungaroides — GÜNTHER 1864: 345
Bungarus bungaroides — WALL 1908
Bungarus bungaroides — SMITH 1943: 410
Bungarus bungaroides — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Bungarus bungaroides — GOLAY 1985
Bungarus bungaroides — WELCH 1994: 37 
DistributionMyanmar (= Burma), India (Assam [Cachar], Sikkim, Meghalaya), Nepal, Bhutan, Vietnam (HR 33: 323), elevation 2040 m (Boulenger 1896:371), China (Xizang)

Type locality: “Cherra Pungi [=Cherrapunji], Khasi Hills, Assam, India” [now Meghalaya] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.17.91 
CommentIllustration in KHAN (2002), Figure 105, which is NOT B. caeruleus (fide TILLACK & KUCHARZEWSKI 2004).

Venomous!

DIAGNOSIS.— Dorsal scales in 15 longitudinal rows at midbody; subcaudal scutes ordinarily divided anteriorly, but occasionally some scutes may be single, but always divided near the tip; ventrals 220–237; subcaudals 44–51; dorsum black with a series of very narrow white to pale yel-lowish lines or crossbars; on the belly, the light crossbars widen to form distinct transverse bars. Total length 1400 mm; tail length 160 mm (largest male). 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Cantor, T. E. 1839. Spicilegium serpentium indicorum [part 1]. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1839: 31-34 - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Golay,P. 1985. Checklist and keys to the terrestrial proteroglyphs of the world (Serpentes: Elapidae - Hydrophiidae). Elapsoidea, Geneva.
  • Khan, M.S. 2002. Die Schlangen Pakistans [English edition as “A Guide to the snakes of Pakistan”]. Edition Chimaira (Frankfurt am Main), 265 pp. [review in HR 34: 400, Russ J Herp 12: 79] - get paper here
  • Kuch, U.; Kizirian, D.; Nguyen, Q.T.; Lawson, R.; Donnelly, M.A. & Mebs, D. 2005. A new species of krait (Squamata: Elapidae) from the Red River System of Nothern Vietnam. Copeia 2005 (4): 818-833 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karslruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karslruhe, 124 pp.
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Guinevere O.U. Wogan; Michelle S. Koo; George R. Zug; Rhonda S. Lucas and Jens V. 2003. The Dangerously Venomous Snakes of Myanmar Illustrated Checklist with Keys. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54 (24): 407–462
  • RAO Ding-qi, ZHAO Er-mi 2004. Bungarus bungaroides, A Record New to China (Xizang AR) with a Note on Trimeresurus tibetanus. SICHUAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY 2004 Vol.23 No.3
  • Shah,K.B. 1998. Checklist of the herpetofauna of Nepal with english and vernacular names. NAHSON Bull., Nat. Hist. Soc. Nepal, Kathmandu 8 (1-4): 26-30
  • Shah,K.B. 1999. New records and distribution of some herpetofauna of Nepal. J. Nat. Hist. Mus., Kathmandu 18: 99-111
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Slowinski J B. 1994. A phylogenetic analysis of Bungarus (Elapidae) based on morphological characters. Journal of Herpetology 28 (4): 440-446 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Tillack, F. & Kucharzewski, C. 2004. Khan: Die Schlangen Pakistans [Buchbesprechung]. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (45): 92-96 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1908. A popular treatise of the common Indian snakes. Part VIII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 711-735 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II, 280 pp.
 
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