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Bungarus caeruleus (SCHNEIDER, 1801)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Indian Krait. Common krait
G: Indischer Krait 
SynonymPseudoboa caerulea SCHNEIDER 1801: 284
Boa lineata SHAW 1802 (fide SMITH 1943)
Bungarus arcuatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1272 (fide SMITH 1943)
Bungarus caeruleus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1273
Bungarus caeruleus — BOULENGER 1890
Bungarus candidus var. caeruleus BOULENGER 1896
Bungarus sindanus BOULENGER 1897 (fide SMITH 1943)
Bungarus candidus — WALL 1907 (fide SMITH 1943)
Bungarus caeruleus SMITH 1943: 413
Bungarus caeruleus — WELCH 1994: 37
Bungarus caeruleus — JANZEN et al. 2007 
DistributionAfghanistan, Pakistan, India (Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka (Castle Rock, and probably all over) [A. Captain, pers. Comm.], Punjab [Dino Aulakh, pers. comm.]), Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal.

Type locality: “Vizagapatam, Andhra Pradesh, south India”; “India orientali” according to BAUER (1998). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntype: ZMB 2787 
CommentVenomous!

This is one of four common venomous snakes of medical importance in India. The others are Naja naja, Echis carinatus, and Daboia russeli.

Distribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). 
References
  • Avadhani, R. 2005. Snakes of India. Reptilia (GB) (41): 32-37 - get paper here
  • Bannerman, W.B. 1905. Note on the breeding of the Krait (Bungarus caeruleus). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 16: 743 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M. 1998. South Asian Herpetological specimens of historical note in the Zoological Museum, Berlin Hamadryad 23 (2): 133-149 [1999] - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • CASTOE, Todd A.; ERIC N. SMITH, RAFE M. BROWN and CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2007. Higher-level phylogeny of Asian and American coralsnakes, their placement within the Elapidae (Squamata), and the systematic affinities of the enigmatic Asian coralsnake Hemibungarus calligaster (Wiegmann, 1834). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 151, 809–831 - get paper here
  • Cholmondeley, E.C. 1908. Kraits in Indore. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 921-924 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & De Silva, A. 2005. Photographic guide to snakes and other reptiles of Sri Lanka. New Holland Publishers, 144 pp.
  • de Silva, A. 1998. Snakes of Sri Lanka: a checklist and an annotated bibliography. Dept. Wildlife Conservation/GEF/UNDP/FAO, Colombo.
  • Dravidamani, S., P. Kannan, V. Kalaiarasan, R. Deepika, J. Gitanjali, Jenniffer R. Moss and Susanna 2006. Studies on the size composition and morphometry of common Krait Bungarus caeruleus (Schneider, 1801) at the Irula Snake catchers' industrial co-operative society, Vadanemmeli, Kanchipuram Distict, Tamil Nadu. Cobra 64:1-6.
  • Duméril, A. M. C., BIBRON, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S. R. and S. R. Chandramouli 2011. Report of some noteworthy specimens and species of herpetofauna from South-east India Taprobanica 3 (1): 5-10 - get paper here
  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Sri Lankas Schlangenfauna. Draco 7 (30): 56-64 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan; D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (02): 69-76
  • Khan, M.S. 1985. Taxonomic notes on Bungarus caeruleus (Schneider) and Bungarus sindanus Boulenger. The Snake 17: 71-78
  • Kramer, E. 1977. Zur Schlangenfauna Nepals. Rev. suisse Zool., 84 (3): 721-761. - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karslruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karslruhe, 124 pp.
  • Mirza, Z.B. 2012. Understanding the Snakes. Wildlife of Pakistan 1 (1): 6-10
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Pillay, R. Shunkara Narayana 1904. Notes on the structure of the teeth of some poisonous snakes found in Travancore. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 13 (75): 238-239 - get paper here
  • Pitman, C.R.S. 1913. Kraits in the Dera Ismail Khan District. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 22: 636 - get paper here
  • Roemer, K. & Mahyar-Roemer, M. 2006. Haltung, Nachzucht und Toxin des Indischen Kraits, Bungarus caeruleus (SCHNEIDER 1801). Elaphe 14 (1): 26-32
  • Schneider, JOHANN GOTTLOB 1801. Historiae Amphibiorum naturalis et literariae. Fasciculus secundus continens Crocodilos, Scincos, Chamaesauras, Boas. Pseudoboas, Elapes, Angues. Amphisbaenas et Caecilias. Frommani, Jena. 374 pp.
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Shah,K.B. 1998. Checklist of the herpetofauna of Nepal with english and vernacular names. NAHSON Bull., Nat. Hist. Soc. Nepal, Kathmandu 8 (1-4): 26-30
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Smith, O.A. 1913. A case of cannibalism by Bungarus coeruleus. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23: 373 - get paper here
  • Thakur, Sanjay 2011. A note on snakes of Kanha National Park and surrounding areas Reptile Rap (11): 2-4 - get paper here
  • Tsetan, Chime & R. Ramanibai 2011. Reptilian fauna of agricultural landscapes of Chembarambakkam Lake, Chennai, Tamil Nadu Reptile Rap (13): 2-8 - get paper here
  • Vtas, R. 2009. Albinismus beim Gewöhnlichen Krait, Bungarus caeruleus (Schneider, 1801). Sauria 31 (4): 49-50 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Herptofauna of Puma Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India Reptile Rap (8): 10-15 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2011. Reptilian diversity in and around the Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India Reptile Rap (11): 5-15 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2013. Snake diversity and voluntary rescue practice in the cities of Gujarat State, India: an evaluation Reptile Rap (15): 27-39 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2014. Report on Some Remarkable Specimens with Unusual Color Morph Recorded from Two Species of Snakes (Reptilia: Serpentes) from Gujarat, India Russ. J. Herpetol. 21 (1): 47-52
  • Wall,F. 1908. A popular treatise of the common Indian snakes. Part VIII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 711-735 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1913. On the Common (Bungarus caeruleus) and Sind Kraits (Bungarus sindanus). J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 22: 401 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1913. The Common and Sind Kraits (Bungarus caeruleus and sindanus) - A correction. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 22: 808 - get paper here
  • Whitaker, Romulus<br />and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp. - get paper here
  • Whitaker,A.H. 1985. Hoplodactylus kahutarae n. sp. (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from the Seaward Kaikoura Range, Marlborough, New Zealand. New Zealand J. Zool. 11: 259-270 (1984)
 
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