You are here » home advanced search Bungarus multicinctus

Bungarus multicinctus BLYTH, 1861

IUCN Red List - Bungarus multicinctus - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Bungarus multicinctus?

Add your own observation of
Bungarus multicinctus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesBungarus multicinctus multicinctus BLYTH 1861
Bungarus multicinctus wanghaotingi POPE 1928 
Common NamesE: Many-banded Krait
G: Vielgebänderter Krait 
SynonymBungarus multicinctus BLYTH 1861: 98
Bungarus semifasciatus GÜNTHER 1858: 221 (not of BOIE)
Bungarus semifasciatus — GÜNTHER 1864: 344
Bungarus caeruleus — STOLICZKA 1870 (fide SMITH 1943)
Bungarus semifasciatus — GÜNTHER 1888: 171
Bungarus candidus var. multicinctus — BOULENGER 1896: 369
Bungarus multicinctus — STEJNEGER 1907: 397
Bungarus candidus multicinctus — BOURRET 1936
Bungarus multicinctus — SMITH 1943: 416
Bungarus cf. multicinctus — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 209
Bungarus multicinctus — SANG et al. 2009

Bungarus multicinctus multicinctus BLYTH 1861
Bungarus multicinctus multicinctus — MELL 1929
Bungarus multicinctus multicinctus — WELCH 1994: 39
Bungarus multicinctus multicinctus — SANG et al. 2009
Bungarus multicinctus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 130

Bungarus multicinctus wanghaotingi POPE 1928
Bungarus wanghaotingi POPE 1928: 3
Bungarus multicinctus wanghaotingi — MELL 1929
Bungarus multicinctus wanghaotingi — WELCH 1994: 39
Bungarus wanghaotingi — LEVITON et al. 2003
Bungarus multicinctus wanghaotingi — SANG et al. 2009
Bungarus wanghaotingi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 130 
DistributionTaiwan, S China (incl. Hong Kong, Hainan),
Myanmar (= Burma), Laos, N Vietnam, Thailand.

wanghaotingi: China (Yunnan), Myanmar (= Burma); Type locality: Yuankiang, China.

Type locality: Amoy Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: lost (fide SANG et al. 2009, Smith 1943 and Toriba 1993b)
Holotype: AMNH 35230 [wanghaotingi] 
CommentSynonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907. Not listed by DAS (1996).
Venomous!

From B. multicinctus, B. wanghaotingi can be distinguished by the lower number of light cross bands on the body and tail (31–40 on the body and 9–17 on the tail in B. multicinctus, 20–31 and 7–11 respectively in B. wanghaotingi).

The “multicinctus-wanghaotingi” species group requires study; it is likely polytypic and several closely related though distinct species likely are hidden presently under the names multicinctus and wanghaotingi (LEVITON et al. 2003).

DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS (DIAGNOSIS) [wanghaotingi].— Dorsal scales in 15 longitudinal rows at midbody; sub-caudal scutes undivided throughout; middorsal row of scales (vertebrals) strongly enlarged, as broad as or broader than long; tail tapering, terminating in a point; ventrals 209–228, subcaudals
44–54 (fide Pope 1935:339, Smith 1943: 416). Belly uniformly white; dorsum with 20–31 light crossbands, crossbars narrower than black crossbars; 7–11 white crossbars on tail. Total length 1100 mm; tail length 145 mm. [after LEVITON 2003] 
References
  • Blyth,E. 1861. Proceedings of the Society. Report of the Curator. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal xxix [1860]: 87-115 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Glass, Bryan P. 1946. A collection of reptiles from Hunan and Anhwei provinces, China. Copeia 1946 (4): 249-252 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of Colubrine snakes of the British Museum. London, I - XVI, 1 - 281
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1888. On a collection of reptiles from China. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 165-172 - get paper here
  • Jiang Y, Li Y, Lee W, Xu X, Zhang Y, Zhao R, Zhang Y, Wang W 2011. Venom gland transcriptomes of two Elapid snakes (Bungarus multicinctus and Naja atra) and evolution of toxin genes. BMC Genomics 2011, 12:1 - get paper here
  • Kuch, U. & Schneyer, W. 1992. Erfahrungen bei der Terrarienhaltung von vier Arten nahrungsspezialisierter Giftnattern der Gattung Bungarus DAUDIN 1803 Teil II Bungarus multicinctus BLYTH 1861. Sauria 14 (1): 25-32 - get paper here
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Guinevere O.U. Wogan; Michelle S. Koo; George R. Zug; Rhonda S. Lucas and Jens V. Vindum 2003. The Dangerously Venomous Snakes of Myanmar Illustrated Checklist with Keys. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54 (24): 407–462
  • Lillywhite, Harvey B. 2014. How Snakes Work: Structure, Function and Behavior of the World's Snakes. Oxford University Press, New York, 256 pp
  • Orlov, N.; Ananjeva, A.; Ryabov, S. & Rao, D.-Q. 2003. Venomous snakes in Southern China. Reptilia (GB) (31): 22-29 - get paper here
  • Orlov, N.; Ananjeva, A.; Ryabov, S. & Rao, D.-Q. 2003. Die Giftschlangen Südchinas. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 30-36 - get paper here
  • Pope,C.H. 1928. Four new snakes and a new lizard from South China. American Museum Novitates 325: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Roemer, K. & Mahyar-Roemer, M. 2006. Haltung, Nachzucht und Toxin des Indischen Kraits, Bungarus caeruleus (SCHNEIDER 1801). Elaphe 14 (1): 26-32
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Sokolov, A.Y. 2005. ON THE MORPHOFUNCTIONAL PECULIARITIES OF THE JAW APPARATUS OF OPHIOPHAGOUS ELAPID SNAKES AND ON THE SOME STAGES IN EVOLUTION OF ELAPIDAE. Herpetologia Petropolitana [SEH Meeting 2003], Ananjeva N.&O.Tsinenko (eds.): 171 – 173
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Switak, Karl H. 2006. Adventures in Green Python Country. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 364 pp. - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1908. A popular treatise of the common Indian snakes. Part VIII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 711-735 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Ziegler, T. 2002. Die Amphibien und Reptilien eines Tieflandfeuchtwald-Schutzgebietes in Vietnam. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 342 pp. - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator