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Bungarus multicinctus BLYTH, 1861

IUCN Red List - Bungarus multicinctus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesBungarus multicinctus multicinctus BLYTH 1861
Bungarus multicinctus wanghaotingi POPE 1928 
Common NamesE: Many-banded Krait
G: Vielgebänderter Krait 
SynonymBungarus multicinctus BLYTH 1861: 98
Bungarus semifasciatus GÜNTHER 1858: 221 (not of BOIE)
Bungarus semifasciatus — GÜNTHER 1864: 344
Bungarus caeruleus — STOLICZKA 1870 (fide SMITH 1943)
Bungarus semifasciatus — GÜNTHER 1888: 171
Bungarus candidus var. multicinctus — BOULENGER 1896: 369
Bungarus multicinctus — STEJNEGER 1907: 397
Bungarus candidus multicinctus — BOURRET 1936
Bungarus multicinctus — SMITH 1943: 416
Bungarus cf. multicinctus — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 209
Bungarus multicinctus — SANG et al. 2009

Bungarus multicinctus multicinctus BLYTH 1861
Bungarus multicinctus multicinctus — MELL 1929
Bungarus multicinctus multicinctus — WELCH 1994: 39
Bungarus multicinctus multicinctus — SANG et al. 2009
Bungarus multicinctus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 130

Bungarus multicinctus wanghaotingi POPE 1928
Bungarus wanghaotingi POPE 1928: 3
Bungarus multicinctus wanghaotingi — MELL 1929
Bungarus multicinctus wanghaotingi — WELCH 1994: 39
Bungarus wanghaotingi — LEVITON et al. 2003
Bungarus multicinctus wanghaotingi — SANG et al. 2009
Bungarus wanghaotingi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 130 
DistributionTaiwan, S China (incl. Hong Kong, Hainan),
Myanmar (= Burma), Laos, N Vietnam, Thailand.

wanghaotingi: China (Yunnan), Myanmar (= Burma); Type locality: Yuankiang, China.

Type locality: Amoy  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: lost (fide SANG et al. 2009, Smith 1943 and Toriba 1993b)
Holotype: AMNH 35230 [wanghaotingi] 
CommentSynonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907. Not listed by DAS (1996).

Venomous!

The “multicinctus-wanghaotingi” species group requires study; it is likely polytypic and several closely related though distinct species likely are hidden presently under the names multicinctus and wanghaotingi (LEVITON et al. 2003). 
References
  • Blyth,E. 1861. Proceedings of the Society. Report of the Curator. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal xxix [1860]: 87-115 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Glass, Bryan P. 1946. A collection of reptiles from Hunan and Anhwei provinces, China. Copeia 1946 (4): 249-252 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of Colubrine snakes of the British Museum. London, I - XVI, 1 - 281
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1888. On a collection of reptiles from China. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 165-172 - get paper here
  • Jiang Y, Li Y, Lee W, Xu X, Zhang Y, Zhao R, Zhang Y, Wang W 2011. Venom gland transcriptomes of two Elapid snakes (Bungarus multicinctus and Naja atra) and evolution of toxin genes. BMC Genomics 2011, 12:1 - get paper here
  • Kuch, U. & Schneyer, W. 1992. Erfahrungen bei der Terrarienhaltung von vier Arten nahrungsspezialisierter Giftnattern der Gattung Bungarus DAUDIN 1803 Teil II Bungarus multicinctus BLYTH 1861. Sauria 14 (1): 25-32 - get paper here
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Guinevere O.U. Wogan; Michelle S. Koo; George R. Zug; Rhonda S. Lucas and Jens V. Vindum 2003. The Dangerously Venomous Snakes of Myanmar Illustrated Checklist with Keys. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54 (24): 407–462 - get paper here
  • Lillywhite, Harvey B. 2014. How Snakes Work: Structure, Function and Behavior of the World's Snakes. Oxford University Press, New York, 256 pp
  • Orlov, N.; Ananjeva, A.; Ryabov, S. & Rao, D.-Q. 2003. Venomous snakes in Southern China. Reptilia (GB) (31): 22-29 - get paper here
  • Orlov, N.; Ananjeva, A.; Ryabov, S. & Rao, D.-Q. 2003. Die Giftschlangen Südchinas. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 30-36 - get paper here
  • Pope,C.H. 1928. Four new snakes and a new lizard from South China. American Museum Novitates 325: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Roemer, K. & Mahyar-Roemer, M. 2006. Haltung, Nachzucht und Toxin des Indischen Kraits, Bungarus caeruleus (SCHNEIDER 1801). Elaphe 14 (1): 26-32
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Sokolov, A.Y. 2005. ON THE MORPHOFUNCTIONAL PECULIARITIES OF THE JAW APPARATUS OF OPHIOPHAGOUS ELAPID SNAKES AND ON THE SOME STAGES IN EVOLUTION OF ELAPIDAE. Herpetologia Petropolitana [SEH Meeting 2003], Ananjeva N.&O.Tsinenko (eds.): 171 – 173
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Switak, Karl H. 2006. Adventures in Green Python Country. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 364 pp. - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1908. A popular treatise of the common Indian snakes. Part VIII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 711-735 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Ziegler, T. 2002. Die Amphibien und Reptilien eines Tieflandfeuchtwald-Schutzgebietes in Vietnam. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 342 pp. - get paper here
 
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