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Cadea blanoides (STEJNEGER, 1916)

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Higher TaxaCadeidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Cuban Spotted Wormlizard, Spotted Amphisbaena 
SynonymAmphisbaena Punctata BELL 1827 (nec WIED 1825)
Amphisbaena caeca COCTEAU 1838? (non CUVIER 1839)
Amphisbaena punctata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 494
Cadea punctata — GRAY 1865: 372
Cadea blanoides STEJNEGER 1916:85 (nom. nov.)
Cadea blanoides — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 563
Amphisbaena blanoides — POWELL 1996: 64
Cadea blanoides — VIDAL et al. 2007 
DistributionW Cuba, Isla de la Juventud

Type locality: Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.2.20. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Vanzolini (1951a, p. 114) diagnosed this genus as follows: ''Snout compressed, pointed, or raised in a small keel. Basipterygoid processes, partes posteriores choanarum and supra-temporals present. Quadrate proximally dilated. Meckel's groove open. Dentition 7 ; 5 ; 7. One unpaired median shield adjacent to the rostral. Nasal shields separated from first labials." Gans & Alexander 1962: 136 added the following characters: “A narrow scale separating the azygous prefrontal from the supralabials. Head relatively pointed with quite distinct post-cephalic narrowing. Atlas (vertebra) consisting of two neural arch halves plus a hypocentrum. Dorsal and ventral folds (of the integument) absent, lateral folds expressed as a narrow zone in which half-annuli run out, with the division skipping back and forth between often non-aligned segments (Gans, 1960, p. 145, footnote). Dorsal segments rounded instead of rectangular (Plates 11 and 12). No caudal autotomy. Tail short, becoming wider in the immediate postcloacal region, flattened ventrally and domed dorsally. The precloacal pores in two series of very small segments running medially from the lateral edge of the precloacals, interspersed between the precloacals and the last, non-pore bearing, body annulus which often contacts the precloacals at the midline. The dorsal surface has a color pattern that is more or less independent of the segmental arrangement.” (Gans & Alexander 1962: 136) 
CommentRecently assigned to Amphisbaena from Cadea (Hedges et al. 1992). Amphisbaena Punctata Bell 1827 is a junior homonym of Amphisbaena punctata Wied 1825.

Synonymy: partly after BRYGOO 1990.

Type species: Amphisbaena punctata Bell (= C. blanoides) is the type species of the genus Cadea GRAY 1844. 
  • Brygoo, E. R. 1990. Les types d'Amphisbaenidés, Pygopodidés, Xantusiidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle - Catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. 12 (ser. 4) A (3-4), suppl.: 3-18
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. A revision of the genera and species of amphisbaenians with the descriptions of some new species now in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 16: 365-377 - get paper here
  • Hedges,S.B. et al. 1992. Caribbean biogeography: molecular evidence for dispersal in West Indian terrestrial vertebrates. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) 89: 1909-1913 - get paper here
  • Powell, R., R. W. Henderson, K. Adler, And H. A. Dundee. 1996. An annotated checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. In R. Powell and R. W. Henderson (eds.), Contributions to West Indian Herpetology: A Tribute to Albert Schwartz, p.51-93. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca (New York). Contributions to Herpetology, volume 12. [book review in Salamandra 36 (2): 136]
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1916. Notes on amphisbaenian nomenclature. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 29:85. - get paper here
  • Vidal, Nicolas; Anna Azvolinsky, Corinne Cruaud and S. Blair Hedges 2007. Origin of tropical American burrowing reptiles by transatlantic rafting. Biology Letters, doi:10.1098/rsbl.2007.0531 - get paper here
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