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Calabaria reinhardtii (SCHLEGEL, 1848)

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Calabariinae or Calabariidae), Henophidia, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Calabar Ground Python, African Burrowing Python
G: Erdpython 
SynonymEryx reinhardtii SCHLEGEL 1848 (1851?)
Calabaria fusca GRAY 1858: 155
Calabaria fusca GRAY 1858: 301
Rhoptrura reinhardti – PETERS 1858
Eryx (Rhoptrura) Reinhardtti [sic] — FISCHER 1879: 91
Rhoptrura petiti SAUVAGE 1884: 202
Calabaria reinhardti – BOULENGER 1893: 92
Calabaria reinhardtii – BARBOZA DU BOCAGE 1903
Calabaria reinhardtii – SCHMIDT 1923: 57
Charina reinhardtii — KLUGE 1993
Charina reinhardtii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 203
Calabaria reinhardti — GOSSMANN et al. 2002 
DistributionSierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, W/C/E, N? Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville), Gabon (BOULENGER 1900), Guinea

Type locality: „Goldküste" Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: RMNH (probably Leiden Museum fide KLUGE 1993. 
CommentSynonymy (partly) after A. Schmitz (pers. comm.).

Distribution: not in Benin fide HUGHES 2013.

Higher taxa: Some recent authors have erected a separate family, Calabariidae, for this genus (e.g. Pyron et al. 2013). Pyron et al. 2014 found that Calabaria nests within the Boidae and hence split up the boas into multiple families. After consultation with the Scientific Advisory Board of the Reptile Database we prefer to maintain Calabaria as a subfamily which avoids paraphyly within (unnecessarily) breaking up the boas into many families.

Type species: Calabaria fusca GRAY 1858 is the type species of the genus Calabaria GRAY 1858.

Type genus: Calabaria Gray 1858 is the type genus of the family Calabariidae Gray 1858 (see also Pyron et al. 2014). 
EtymologyNamed after Johannes Theodor Reinhardt (1816-1882), Danish herpetologist. 
References
  • Aylmer, G. 1922. The Snakes of Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone Studies 5: 7-37
  • Bocage, Barboza du 1903. J. Sci. math. phys. nat. Lisboa, 7 (2): 13.
  • Böhme, Wolfgang, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Christian Brede & Philipp Wagner 2011. The reptiles (Testudines, Squamata, Crocodylia) of the forested southeast of the Republic Guinea (Guinée forestière), wit a country-wide checklist. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 35-61 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1900. A list of the batrachians and reptiles of the Gaboon (French Congo), with descriptions of new genera and species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1900: 433-456 - get paper here
  • Briscoe, M.S. 1949. Notes on Snakes Collected in Liberia. Copeia 1949 (1): 16-18 - get paper here
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  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Cimatti, E. 2003. Calabaria reinhardtii - African Burrowing Python. Reptilia (GB) (28): 66-67 - get paper here
  • Fischer, J. G. 1879. Neue oder wenig bekannte Reptilien. Verh. naturwiss. Ver. Hamburg N.F. III: 78-103 - get paper here
  • Gossmann, V.; Lötters, S.; Obame, F. & Böhme, W. 2002. Zur Herpetofauna Gabuns. Teil II: Kommentierte Artenliste der gefundenen Reptilien, Bemerkungen zur Artenvielfalt. Herpetofauna 24 (136): 19-33 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1858. Description of a new genus of Boidae from Old Calabar and a list of W. African Reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1858: 154-167 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1858. Description of a new genus of Boidae from Old Calabar. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 2: 300-301 - get paper here
  • Heise, P. J.;Maxson, L. R.;Dowling, H. G.;Hedges, S. B. 1995. Higher-level snake phylogeny inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences of 12S rRNA and 16S rRNA genes. Mol Biol Evol 12 (2): 259-65 - get paper here
  • Hortenbach, G. & Hortenbach, H. 1998. Haltung, Verhalten und Nachzucht von Calabaria reinhardtii SCHLEGEL 1851 unter Terrarienbedingungen. Salamandra 34 (2): 157-166
  • Jackson, Kate; Ange-Ghislain Zassi-Boulou, Lis-Bethy Mavoungou, and Serge Pangou 2007. Amphibians and Reptiles of the LacTélé Community Reserve, Likouala Region, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville). Herp. Cons. Biol. 2 (2): 75-86
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  • Luiselli, Luca;Akani, Godfrey C. 1999. Aspects of the ecology of Calabaria reinhardtii (Serpentes, Booidea) in southeastern Nigeria. Herpetological Natural History 6 (1): 65-71 [1998]
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  • Pyron, R. Alexander; H.K. Dushantha Kandambi, Catriona R. Hendry, Vishan Pushpamal, Frank T. Burbrin 2013. Genus-level phylogeny of snakes reveals the origins of species richness in Sri Lanka. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66 (3): 969-978 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; Reynolds, R. Graham & Frank T. Burbrink 2014. A Taxonomic Revision of Boas (Serpentes: Boidae). Zootaxa 3846 (2): 249–260
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  • Sauvage, H.-E. 1884. Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 1884: 202, 205
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  • Schmidt, K. P. 1923. Contributions to the herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part II. Snakes, with field notes by Herbert Lang and James P. Chapin. Bull. Amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 49 (1): 1-146
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  • Trape, J.F. & R. ROUX-ESTÈVE 1995. Les serpents du Congo: liste commentée et clé de détermination. Journal of African Zoology 109 (1): 31-50
 
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