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Calabaria reinhardtii (SCHLEGEL, 1848)

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Erycinae), Henophidia, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Calabar Ground Python, African Burrowing Python
G: Erdpython 
SynonymEryx reinhardtii SCHLEGEL 1848 (1851?)
Calabaria fusca GRAY 1858: 155
Calabaria fusca GRAY 1858: 301
Rhoptrura reinhardti – PETERS 1858
Eryx (Rhoptrura) Reinhardtti [sic] — FISCHER 1879: 91
Rhoptrura petiti SAUVAGE 1884: 202
Calabaria reinhardti – BOULENGER 1893: 92
Calabaria reinhardtii – BARBOZA DU BOCAGE 1903
Calabaria reinhardtii – SCHMIDT 1923: 57
Charina reinhardtii — KLUGE 1993
Charina reinhardtii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 203
Calabaria reinhardti — GOSSMANN et al. 2002 
DistributionSierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, W/C/E, N? Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville), Gabon (BOULENGER 1900), Guinea

Type locality: „Goldküste" Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: probably Leiden Museum fide KLUGE 1993. 
CommentSynonymy (partly) after A. Schmitz (pers. comm.).

Distribution: not in Benin fide HUGHES 2013. 
EtymologyEtymology: Named after Johannes Theodor Reinhardt (1816-1882), Danish herpetologist. 
References
  • Aylmer, G. 1922. The Snakes of Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone Studies 5: 7-37
  • Bocage, Barboza du 1903. J. Sci. math. phys. nat. Lisboa, 7 (2): 13.
  • Böhme, Wolfgang, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Christian Brede & Philipp Wagner 2011. The reptiles (Testudines, Squamata, Crocodylia) of the forested southeast of the Republic Guinea (Guinée forestière), wit a country-wide checklist Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 35-61 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1900. A list of the batrachians and reptiles of the Gaboon (French Congo), with descriptions of new genera and species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1900: 433-456 - get paper here
  • Briscoe, M.S. 1949. Notes on Snakes Collected in Liberia. Copeia 1949 (1): 16-18 - get paper here
  • Burger, M.; Branch, W.R. & Channing, A. 2004. Amphibians and Reptiles of Monts Doudou, Gabon: Species Turnover Along an Elevational Gradient. California Academy of Sciences Memoir 28: 145–186
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Cimatti, E. 2003. Calabaria reinhardtii - African Burrowing Python. Reptilia (GB) (28): 66-67 - get paper here
  • Fischer, J. G. 1879. Neue oder wenig bekannte Reptilien. Verh. naturwiss. Ver. Hamburg N.F. III: 78-103 - get paper here
  • Gossmann, V.; Lötters, S.; Obame, F. & Böhme, W. 2002. Zur Herpetofauna Gabuns. Teil II: Kommentierte Artenliste der gefundenen Reptilien, Bemerkungen zur Artenvielfalt. Herpetofauna 24 (136): 19-33 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1858. Description of a new genus of Boidae from Old Calabar and a list of W. African Reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1858: 154-167 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1858. Description of a new genus of Boidae from Old Calabar. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 2: 300-301 - get paper here
  • Heise, P. J.;Maxson, L. R.;Dowling, H. G.;Hedges, S. B. 1995. Higher-level snake phylogeny inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences of 12S rRNA and 16S rRNA genes Mol Biol Evol 12 (2): 259-65 - get paper here
  • Hortenbach, G. & Hortenbach, H. 1998. Haltung, Verhalten und Nachzucht von Calabaria reinhardtii SCHLEGEL 1851 unter Terrarienbedingungen. Salamandra 34 (2): 157-166
  • Jackson, Kate; Ange-Ghislain Zassi-Boulou, Lis-Bethy Mavoungou, and Serge Pangou 2007. Amphibians and Reptiles of the LacTélé Community Reserve, Likouala Region, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville). Herp. Cons. Biol. 2 (2): 75-86
  • Kielgast, J. 2011. Atheris squamigera (Hallowell, 1854). Elaphe 19 (3): 64
  • Kluge A G 1993. Calabaria and the phylogeny of erycine snakes. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 107 (4): 293-351
  • Knox, Andrew and Kate Jackson 2010. Ecological and phylogenetic influences on maxillary dentition in snakes. Phyllomedusa 9 (2): 121-131 - get paper here
  • Long, David R. 1994. The African burrowing python [Calabaria reinhardtii]. Reptile & Amphibian magazine (March/April): 53-55
  • Luiselli, Luca;Akani, Godfrey C. 1999. Aspects of the ecology of Calabaria reinhardtii (Serpentes, Booidea) in southeastern Nigeria Herpetological Natural History 6 (1): 65-71 [1998]
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Ota, H. & Hikida, T. 1987. On a small collection of lizards and snakes from Cameroon, West Africa. African Study Monographs 8 (2): 111-123
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; David, P. 2008. Miscellanea Herpetologica Gabonica I. Hamadryad 32 (1): 13 – 18 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1858. Über eine neue Schlangengattung, Rhoptrura. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1858 (Juni): 340-341. - get paper here
  • Rödel M O; Mahsberg D 2000. Vorläufige Liste der Schlangen des Tai-Nationalparks/Elfenbeinküste und angrenzender Gebiete. Salamandra 36 (1): 25-38
  • Sauvage, H.-E. 1884. Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 1884: 202, 205
  • Schlegel, H. 1848. Description d’une nouvelle espèce du genre eryx, Eryx reinhardtii. Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 1: 1-3 [1851?]
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1923. Contributions to the herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part II. Snakes, with field notes by Herbert Lang and James P. Chapin. Bull. Amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 49 (1): 1-146
  • Segniagbeto G. H., Trape J. F., David P., Ohler A., Dubois A. & Glitho I. A. 2011. The snake fauna of Togo: systematics, distribution and biogeography, with remarks on selected taxonomic problems. Zoosystema 33 (3): 325-360. DOI: 10.5252/z2011n3a4 - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F. & R. ROUX-ESTÈVE 1995. Les serpents du Congo: liste commentée et clé de détermination. Journal of African Zoology 109 (1): 31-50
 
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