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Calamaria javanica BOULENGER, 1891

IUCN Red List - Calamaria javanica - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Calamariinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymCalamaria javanica BOULENGER 1891: 279
Calamaria javanica — INGER & MARX 1965: 209
Calamaria javanica — INGER & VORIS 2001
Calamaria javanica — WALLACH et al. 2014: 137 
DistributionIndonesia (Java, Billiton)

Type locality: Java  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.3.41 (
Holotype: ZMA.RENA 11011 [lineata] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Maxillary teeth modified; second and third supralabials entering orbit; no preocular; second pair of chin shields not meeting in midline (Inger & Marx 1965: 209).

Color: Body dark brown above, each dorsal scale with small yellow specks; a narrow yellow vertical arc on each side about 6 scales behind head in holotype only; scales of first and second rows yellowish with small dark spot, the dark area increasing in the posterior half of the body; a small yellow vertical bar on each side at the root of the tail; head dark brown above and on upper edges of supralabials; rest of supralabials and underside of head yellow; ventrals yellow; behind anterior quarter of body a small brown spot at the lateral corners of each ventral; underside of tail yellow with dark brown midline and lateral quarters (Inger & Marx 1965: 210). 
CommentDistribution: May have been erroneously reported from Borneo, but not listed by MALKMUS et al. (2002) for Borneo. Not on Borneo fide Stuebing et al. 2014. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1891. Description of new oriental reptiles & batrachians. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 6: 279-283 - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L. D. 1928. Neue Reptilien aus dem Zoologischen Museum Amsterdam. Zool. Anz. 75:251-257.
  • Daan, S. & Hillenius,D. 1966. Catalogue of the type specimens of amphibians and reptiles in the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam. Beaufortia 13: 117-144
  • Grismer, L. L., H. Kaiser & N. S. Yaakob 2004. A new species of Reed Snake of the genus Calamaria H. Boie, 1827, from Pulau Tioman, Pahang, West Malaysia. Hamadryad 28 (1&2): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Inger, R.F. & Voris, H. K. 2001. The biogeographical relations of the frogs and snakes of Sundaland. Journal of Biogeography 28: 863-89 1
  • Lang, Ruud de 2017. The Snakes of Java, Bali and Surrounding Islands. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 435 pp. - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B., Inger, R.F. & Lardner, B. 2014. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo, second edition. Natural history Publications (Borneo)
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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