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Calamaria lautensis DE ROOIJ, 1917

IUCN Red List - Calamaria lautensis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Calamariinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymCalamaria lautensis DE ROOIJ 1917
Calamaria lautensis — INGER & MARX 1965: 70
Calamaria lautensis — DAAN & HILLENIUS 1966: 137
Calamaria lautensis — MANTHEY 1983
Calamaria lautensis — ZIEGLER et al. 2008
Calamaria lautensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 138 
DistributionIndonesia (Cocos Island)

Type locality: Pulu si Laut, Cocos islands, Indonesia  
TypesLectotype: ZMA.RENA 10111, Pulu si Laut, Cocos islands, Indonesia (coIl. E. R. Jacobson, 21.VllI.191 (The only specimen of the type series, actually belonging to this taxon, as the other one, ZMA 10112, is reidentified by Mr. R.F. Inger in 1961 as Calamaria modesta). Paralectotype: ZMA 10112, Abail, Simalur, Indonesia (coIl. E. R. Jacobson, IV.1913), = Calamaria modesta Dumeril & Bibron. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Maxillary teeth unmodified; third and fourth supra-labials entering orbit; preocular present; mental not touching anterior chin shields; paraparietal surrounded by 6 shields and scales (Inger & Marx 1965: 70). 
CommentThe holotype has unmodified maxilla teeth as six other species. The paratypes are with modified teeth and eventually become a synonym of C. modesta [DJOLO ISKANDAR, pers. comm., 8 Aug 2011).

Distribution: the type locality is Cocos Island, north of Simeulue, Sumatra. This island is not Cocos Island near Christmas Island. May have been erroneously reported from Borneo, but not present there fide I. Das (pers. comm. 17 March 2013). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Daan, S. & Hillenius,D. 1966. Catalogue of the type specimens of amphibians and reptiles in the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam. Beaufortia 13: 117-144
  • de Rooij, N. DE 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 334 S. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. L., H. Kaiser & N. S. Yaakob 2004. A new species of Reed Snake of the genus Calamaria H. Boie, 1827, from Pulau Tioman, Pahang, West Malaysia. Hamadryad 28 (1&2): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Inger, R. F. & H. MARX 1965. The systematics and evolution of the oriental colubrid snakes of the genus Calamaria. Fieldiana: Zoology 49: 1-304. - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. 1983. Exkursion am Mt. Kinabalu (4101 m), Nordborneo, Teil 3: Checkliste der Herpetofauna oberhalb 600 m ü. NN. Herpetofauna 5 (23): 20-31 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Ziegler, Thomas; Nguyen Van Sang, Nguyen Quang Truong 2008. A New Reed Snake of the Genus Calamaria Boie (Squamata: Colubridae) from Vietnam. Current Herpetology 27 (2): 71-80 [2009] - get paper here
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