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Calamaria pfefferi STEJNEGER, 1901

IUCN Red List - Calamaria pfefferi - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Calamariinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Pfeffer's reed snake 
SynonymCalamaria pfefferi STEJNEGER 1901: 191
Calamaria pavimentata WALL 1903: 101 (not of DUMÉRIL & BIBRON)
Calamaria pfefferi — STEJNEGER 1907: 378
Calamaria pfefferi — MAKI 1931: 138
Calamaria pfefferi — MORI 1982
Calamaria pfefferi — OTA 2000 
DistributionJapan (Ryukyu Island)

Type locality: Miyako Shima, Yayeyama group, Riu Kiu Archipelago.  
TypesHolotype: ZUMT 14 (Museum Tokyo) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Rostral well visible from above, the portion visible from above nearly as long as the suture between prefrontals; frontal much longer than broad, the width equaling the distance from tip of snout but shorter than interparietal suture, the suture with supraoculars longer than those with prefrontals; ventrals 158-160; anal entire; subcaudals 15-26. (Maki 1931) 
CommentSynonymy: Considered as a synonym of Calamaria pavimentata by INGER & MARX 1965 but listed as valid by the more recent work of MORI 1982 ff. Listed as a synonym of C. pavimentata by WALLACH et al. 2014.

Conservation: endangered in Japan (Ota 2000). 
EtymologyNamed after Georg Pfeffer (1854-1931), curator of zoology at the Natural History Museum in Hamburg, Germany, from 1883-1906 (Hallermann 2007). 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • BÖHLE, A. & F. STEFFEN 2000. Zur Haltung und Zucht von Chamaeleo pfefferi. Mitteilungsblatt AG Chamäleons 21: 8-9. - get paper here
  • Goris, R.C. & Maeda, N. 2004. Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Japan. Krieger, Malabar, 285 pp.
  • Hallermann, J. 2007. Zur Geschichte der herpetologischen Sammlung des Zoologischen Museums Hamburgs, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung von Dr. Johann Gustav Fischer (1819 - 1889). Sekretär 7 (1): 20-32 - get paper here
  • Inger, R. F. & H. MARX 1965. The systematics and evolution of the oriental colubrid snakes of the genus Calamaria. Fieldiana: Zoology 49: 1-304. - get paper here
  • Maki, M. 1931. Monograph of the Snakes of Japan. Dai-ichi Shobo, Tokyo. (1), 7, 240 pages (expanded edition 1933)
  • Mori,M. 1982. Japans Schlangen, Vols. 1-3 (80, 102, 123 pp.). Tokyo (Igaku-Shoin Ltd.) [bilingual edition in German and Japanese]
  • Ota, H. 2000. Current status of the threatened amphibians and reptiles of Japan. Popul. Ecol. 42: 5-9 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1901. Diagnosis of eight new batrachians and reptiles from the Riu Kiu Archipelago, Japan. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 14: 189-191 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1903. A prodromus of the snakes hitherto recorded from China, Japan, and the Loo Choo Islands, with some notes. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1903: 84-102 - get paper here
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