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Calamaria schlegeli DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854

IUCN Red List - Calamaria schlegeli - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Calamariinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesCalamaria schlegeli schlegeli DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854
Calamaria schlegeli cuvieri JAN 1862 
Common NamesE: Pink-headed Reed Snake, White-headed Reed Snake
G: Schlegels Riednatter 
SynonymCalamaria schlegeli schlegeli (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854)
Calamaria schlegeli DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 81
Calamaria leucocephala DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 83
Calamaria agamensis BLEEKER 1859 (fide BOULENGER 1887)
Calamaria nigro-alba GÜNTHER 1864
Calamaria martapurensis EDELING 1865
Calamaria dumerili BLEEKER 1860
Calamaria sinkawangensis BLEEKER 1860
Calamaria Schlegeli — JAN 1865
Calamaria iris BOETTGER 1873
Calamaria leucocephala — MERTENS 1930
Calamaria leucocephala — TWEEDIE 1954
Keiometopon booliati TAYLOR 1962
Calamaria schegeli — INGER & MARX 1965: 154
Calamaria schlegelii — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 327
Calamaria schlegelii — INGER & VORIS 2001
Calamaria schegeli — HOWARD & GILLESPIE 2007 (in error)
Calamaria schlegeli schlegeli — COX et al. 2012: 82
Calamaria schlegeli — WALLACH et al. 2014: 141

Calamaria schlegeli cuvieri JAN 1862
Calamaria cuvieri JAN 1862
Calamaria cuvieri — JAN 1865
Calamaria leucocephala BOULENGER 1894 (non DUMÉRIL & BIBRON), part.
Calamaria agamensis BOULENGER 1894 (non BLEEKER), part.
Calamaria schlegeli cuvieri — INGER & MARX 1965: 165 
DistributionIndonesia (Bangka, Belitung, Kalimantan, Sumatra);
Malaysia (Malaya and East Malaysia);
Singapore; Thailand

Calamaria schlegeli cuvieri: Indonesia (Bali, Java)

Type locality: Borneo  
TypesSyntype: RMNH RENA 10425, collector: Kuhl & van Hasselt. Originally catalogued as RMNH RENA.42 (Calamaria lumbricoidea) - reidentified by R. F. Inger as Calamaria schlegelii cuvieri Jan, 1862 (fide Esther Dondorp, pers. comm. 28 Jan 2019)
Syntypes: MSNM (Museo Civico di Storia Naturale de Milano) [cuvieri] 
DiagnosisDescription: This is a small, attractive, non-venomous snake with a bright pink-red head, and no colouration on the tail. The dark dorsal colour exhibits a blue-green iridescence under strong light. The ventral surface is grey-white. Care should be taken not to confuse this species with the Blue Malayan Coral Snake Maticora bivirgata [from Ecology Asia]. 
CommentSynonymy modified after David & Vogel 1996 and INGER & MARX 1965. 
EtymologyNamed after Hermann Schlegel (1804-1884), German herpetologist. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. Note on some reptiles from Sumatra described by BLEEKER in 1860. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 152 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Hoover, M.F.; Chanhome, Lawan & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 2012. The Snakes of Thailand. Chulalongkorn University Museum of Natural History, 845 pp.
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel, G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. L., H. Kaiser & N. S. Yaakob 2004. A new species of Reed Snake of the genus Calamaria H. Boie, 1827, from Pulau Tioman, Pahang, West Malaysia. Hamadryad 28 (1&2): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • Howard, S.D. & Gillespie, G.R. 2007. Two New Calamaria (Serpentes) Species from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Herpetology 41 (2): 237 - get paper here
  • Inger, R. F. & H. MARX 1965. The systematics and evolution of the oriental colubrid snakes of the genus Calamaria. Fieldiana: Zoology 49: 1-304. - get paper here
  • Inger, R.F. & Voris, H. K. 2001. The biogeographical relations of the frogs and snakes of Sundaland. Journal of Biogeography 28: 863-89 1
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 10. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Lang, Ruud de 2017. The Snakes of Java, Bali and Surrounding Islands. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 435 pp. - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • MEGANTARA, E. N., JAUHAN, J., SHANIDA, S. S., HUSODO, T., FAUZI, D. A., HENDRAWAN, R., WULANDARI, I. & YUANSAH, Y. 2022. Herpetofauna distribution in different land cover types of West Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 23(6) - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1930. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Inseln Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa und Flores. Senck. Naturf. Gesell., Frankfurt am Main, Abhandl. 42(3): 117-344.
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Poyarkov, Nikolay A.; Jr., Tan Van Nguyen, Nikolai L. Orlov, Gernot Vogel 2019. A New Species of the Genus Calamaria Boie, 1827 from the Highlands of the Langbian Plateau, Southern Vietnam (Squamata: Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 26 (6): 335-348 - get paper here
  • Quah, Evan S. H.; Kelvin K.P. Lim, Eric H.H. Leong and Shahrul Anuar M.S. 2018. Identification and a new record from Penang Island of the rare red-bellied reed snake (Calamaria albiventer) (Gray, 1835) (Serpentes: Calamariinae). RAFFLES BULLETIN OF ZOOLOGY 66: 486–493 - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B., Inger, R.F. & Lardner, B. 2014. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo, second edition. Natural history Publications (Borneo)
  • Teo, R.C.H. & N.J. Thomas 2019. Updated Inventory of Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals of the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 71(Suppl. 1):145-183; doi: 10.26492/gbs71(suppl.1).2019-06 - get paper here
  • Teo, R.C.H. & Rajathurai, S. 1997. Mammals, reptiles and amphibians in the Nature Reserves of Singapore - diversity, abundance and distribution. Proc. Nature Reserves Survey Seminar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 49: 353-425
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Tweedie, M.W.F. 1954. Notes on Malayan reptiles, No.3. Bull. Raffles Mus. No 25: 107-117
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Weinell, J. L., Leviton, A. E., & Brown, R. M. 2021. A new species of reed snake, genus Calamaria (Colubridae: Calamariinae), from Mindoro Island, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology, DOI 10.26757/pjsb2020b14006 - get paper here
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