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Calamaria schlegeli DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854

IUCN Red List - Calamaria schlegeli - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Calamariinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesCalamaria schlegeli schlegeli DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854
Calamaria schlegeli cuvieri JAN 1862 
Common NamesE: Pink-headed Reed Snake, White-headed Reed Snake
G: Schlegels Riednatter 
SynonymCalamaria schlegeli schlegeli (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854)
Calamaria schlegeli DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 81
Calamaria leucocephala DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 83
Calamaria agamensis BLEEKER 1859 (fide BOULENGER 1887)
Calamaria nigro-alba GÜNTHER 1864
Calamaria martapurensis EDELING 1865
Calamaria dumerili BLEEKER 1860
Calamaria sinkawangensis BLEEKER 1860
Calamaria Schlegeli — JAN 1865
Calamaria iris BOETTGER 1873
Calamaria leucocephala — MERTENS 1930
Calamaria leucocephala — TWEEDIE 1954
Keiometopon booliati TAYLOR 1962
Calamaria schegeli — INGER & MARX 1965: 162
Calamaria schlegelii — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 327
Calamaria schlegelii — INGER & VORIS 2001
Calamaria schegeli — HOWARD & GILLESPIE 2007 (in error)
Calamaria schlegeli — WALLACH et al. 2014: 141

Calamaria schlegeli cuvieri JAN 1862
Calamaria cuvieri JAN 1862
Calamaria cuvieri — JAN 1865
Calamaria leucocephala BOULENGER 1894 (non DUMÉRIL & BIBRON), part.
Calamaria agamensis BOULENGER 1894 (non BLEEKER), part.
Calamaria schlegeli cuvieri — INGER & MARX 1965: 165 
DistributionIndonesia (Bangka, Belitung, Kalimantan, Sumatra);
Malaysia (Malaya and East Malaysia);
Singapore; Thailand

Calamaria schlegeli cuvieri: Indonesia (Bali, Java)

Type locality: Borneo Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: RMNH
Syntypes: Museo Civico di Storia Naturale de Milano [cuvieri] 
CommentSynonymy modified after David & Vogel 1996 and INGER & MARX 1965.

Description: This is a small, attractive, non-venomous snake with a bright pink-red head, and no colouration on the tail. The dark dorsal colour exhibits a blue-green iridescence under strong light. The ventral surface is grey-white. Care should be taken not to confuse this species with the Blue Malayan Coral Snake Maticora bivirgata [from Ecology Asia]. 
EtymologyNamed after Hermann Schlegel (1804-1884), German herpetologist. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. Note on some reptiles from Sumatra described by BLEEKER in 1860. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 152 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel,G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. L., H. Kaiser & N. S. Yaakob 2004. A new species of Reed Snake of the genus Calamaria H. Boie, 1827, from Pulau Tioman, Pahang, West Malaysia. Hamadryad 28 (1&2): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • Howard, S.D. & Gillespie, G.R. 2007. Two New Calamaria (Serpentes) Species from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Herpetology 41 (2): 237 - get paper here
  • Inger, R. F. & H. MARX 1965. The systematics and evolution of the oriental colubrid snakes of the genus Calamaria. Fieldiana: Zoology 49: 1-304. - get paper here
  • Inger, R.F. & Voris, H. K. 2001. The biogeographical relations of the frogs and snakes of Sundaland. Journal of Biogeography 28: 863-89 1
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 10. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1930. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Inseln Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa und Flores. Senck. Naturf. Gesell., Frankfurt am Main, Abhandl. 42(3): 117-344.
  • Teo, R.C.H. & Rajathurai, S. 1997. Mammals, reptiles and amphibians in the Nature Reserves of Singapore - diversity, abundance and distribution. Proc. Nature Reserves Survey Seminar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 49: 353-425
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Tweedie, M.W.F. 1954. Notes on Malayan reptiles, No.3. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 25: 107-117
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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