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Caledoniscincus atropunctatus (ROUX, 1913)

IUCN Red List - Caledoniscincus atropunctatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma austrocaledonicum atropunctatum ROUX 1913: 117
Lygosoma (Leilolepisma) austro-caledonicum atropunctatum — ANGEL 1935: 55
Caledoniscincus atropunctatus — SADLIER 1987: 42
Caledoniscincus atropunctatus — ADLER, AUSTIN & DUDLEY 1995
Caledoniscincus atropunctatus — BAUER & SADLIER 2000 
DistributionNew Caledonia, Vanuatu, Loyalty Islands

Type locality: “en Nouvelle-Calédonie et aux trois iles Loyalty”.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesLectotype: NMBA (= NHMB) 7308, adult male, designated by KRAMER 1979. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Caledoniscincus atropunctatus can be distinguished from all other species in the genus by the following combination of colour features: tail with dorsal and lateral surfaces each more or less uniform i.e. without dark chevrons; dorsum with dorsal and lateral surfaces each more or less uniform, pale vertebral or lateral stripes lacking; snout uniform, dark midrostral streak always lacking. (Sadlier 1987)

Size: maximum SVL 53 mm, similiar only to C. austrocaledonicus (maximum SVL 55 mm). C. festivus (maximum SVL 66.5 mm) and C. orestes (maximum SVL 65 mm) being much larger. (Sadlier 1987)

Description: Sadlier 1987 
CommentCommon and fairly widespread. 
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Angel, F. 1935. Liste de reptiles récoltés par la Mission Aubert de la Rüe aux Nouvelles Hèbrides ou dans les iles voisines. Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, (2) 7: 54-56 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A. M. & SADLIER, R. A. 2000. The herpetofauna of New Caledonia. Contributions to Herpetology, 17; Society for Study Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York.
  • Bauer, A.M. & Sadlier,R.A. 1993. Systematics, biogeography and conservation of the lizards of New Caledonia. Biodiv. Lett. 1: 107-122 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Sadlier, Roass A. 1994. The terrestrial herpetofauna of the Ile des Pins, New Caledonia. Pacific Science 48 (4): 353-366
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Vindum, Jens V. 1990. A checklist and key to the herpetofauna of New Caledonia, with remarks on biogeography. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 47 (2): 17-45 - get paper here
  • Cranbrook, G.G. H., Earl of 1985. The lizards of Vanuatu. ASRA J. (Cheltenham, Gloucester, England) 2(4): 47-70.
  • DUVAL, Thomas; Stéphane ASTRONGATT & Mickaël SANCHEZ 2019. Inventaire herpétologique de la forêt de Povila (province Nord, Nouvelle-Calédonie), avec une comparaison des protocoles de détection. Bull. Soc. Herp. Fr. 171: 13-36
  • Ineich, I. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles. In: Bouchet P., Le Guyader H. & PascaL O. (eds), The Natural History of Santo. pp. 187-236. MNhN, Paris; Ird, Marseille; PNI, Paris. 572 pp. (Patrimoines naturels; 70). - get paper here
  • Kramer, Eugen 1979. Typenkatalog der Echsen im Naturhistorischen Museum Basel (BM), Stand 1978. [type catalogue] Revue Suisse de Zoologie 86 (1): 159-166 - get paper here
  • Roux,J. 1913. Les reptiles de de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et des îles Loyalty. In: Nova Caledonia, Recherches scientifiques en Nouvelle Calédonie et aux Iles Loyalty. Zoologie. (vol. 1, L. 2). Sarasin, F. & Roux,J. (eds.). C.W. Kreidel’s Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp. 79-160 - get paper here
  • Sadlier R A 1987. A review of the scincid lizards of New Caledonia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 39(1) 1987: 1-66 [1986] - get paper here
  • Sadlier R A. Bauer A M. 1997. The terrestrial herpetofauna of the Loyalty Islands. Pacific Science 51 (1): 76-90.
  • SADLIER, ROSS A.; AARON M. BAUER, PERRY Jr. L. WOOD, SARAH A. SMITH, TODD R. JACKMAN 2013. A new species of lizard in the genus Caledoniscincus (Reptilia: Scincidae) from southern New Caledonia and a review of Caledoniscincus atropunctatus (Roux). Zootaxa 3694 (6): 501–524 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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